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Human Head Transplant Now Theoretically Possible

Human Head Transplant Now Theoretically Possible

Since the 1960s and 1970s, doctors and neurosurgeons have been successfully attaching the heads of dogs and monkeys to different bodies.

The earliest Russian experiments using dogs are actually pretty well-known. The problem has not been keeping the head alive, but instead reconnecting the spinal cord of the donor head and recipient body.

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Now, a newly published report published by Sergio Canavaro in Surgical Neurology International proposes to solve the problem of spinal cord incompatibility. He suggests a form of clean-cut technique and synthetic fusion using materials like PEG. He explains it in his report in saying:

“It is this “clean cut” [which is] the key to spinal cord fusion, in that it allows proximally severed axons to be ‘fused’ with their distal counterparts. This fusion exploits so-called fusogens/sealants….[which] are able to immediately reconstitute (fuse/repair) cell membranes damaged by mechanical injury, independent of any known endogenous sealing mechanism.”
Human Head Transplant Now Theoretically Possible

The possibility of combining a the head from dying body and connecting it with a fresh but recently deceased body, could call for a whole new kind of organ donor card. In vivo evidence of reconnecting the spinal cord was recently attained by scientists at the Cleveland Clinic and associated university using rats.

Of course, there is a lot of controversy surrounding the use of dead bodies and severed heads. Its use will likely first come when dealing with people who have lost their heads in accidents. The idea is not too far fetched, since other dramatic reattachments have succeeded.

Human Head Transplant Now Theoretically Possible

Still, the research points to greater possibilities for healing the paralyzed. Although we are years away from being able to transplant a human head at an estimated cost of $10 million, we are much closer to being able to help paralyzed patients fully regain use of their bodies.

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This May Be The Most Insane Piece Of Machinery Ever Made

Ships are supposed to float above the water. Right? Well not this one. It spends all of its time just below the water on purpose. Doing a job that we never expected. Because who knew you'd need something like this… until you do. Amazing.

A heavy-lift ship is a vessel designed to move very large loads that cannot be handled by normal ships.


This May Be The Most Insane Piece Of Machinery Ever Made

This is the Blue Marlin, a semi-submerging vessels capable of lifting another ship out of the water and transporting it.

This May Be The Most Insane Piece Of Machinery Ever Made

Like the USS Cole. 

This May Be The Most Insane Piece Of Machinery Ever Made

This May Be The Most Insane Piece Of Machinery Ever Made

Or, say, a dozen other transport ships

This May Be The Most Insane Piece Of Machinery Ever Made

Or this Oil Rig 

This May Be The Most Insane Piece Of Machinery Ever Made

Or this one.

This May Be The Most Insane Piece Of Machinery Ever Made

This is the SBX-1. The Sea-Based X-Band Radar, which is a floating, self-propelled, mobile active electronically scanned array radar station designed to operate in high winds and heavy seas. It is part of the U.S. Defense Department Ballistic Missile Defense System. 

This May Be The Most Insane Piece Of Machinery Ever Made

And it's huge!

This May Be The Most Insane Piece Of Machinery Ever Made

These are drilling rigs with a gridwork of iron below them creating a giant footprint to stabilize the weight. They jack up out of the water with those large legs.

This May Be The Most Insane Piece Of Machinery Ever Made

And here's three of them. 

This May Be The Most Insane Piece Of Machinery Ever Made


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Mountain Dew Proven To Shrink Your Testicles

Mountain Dew Proven To Shrink Your Testicles

Mountain Dew Proven To Shrink Your Testicles. Researchers at the University of Rochester have released their findings on the effects of Mountain Dew and yellow dye #5 on shrinkage of “the boys”, after many men have complained about the effects associated with drinking this beverage. Mountain Dew has a large number of ingredients. The two main ingredients of concern are caffeine and yellow dye #5, which is also known as Tartrazine. The FDA and the Center for Science in the Public Interest strongly recommends that we should only intake 5 mg per kilogram daily of the yellow dye #5, for young men it is recommended at 3.5 mg per kilogram daily of the yellow dye #5. Anything above that has a negative reaction on sperm count and causes gonadal atrophy (shrinking of the testicles).

Mountain Dew Proven To Shrink Your Testicles

Tartrazine has been used in many foods, drugs, ice creams and other products since 1916. It is currently found in Kraft macaroni and cheese, Doritos, Jello, Kool Aid, shampoos and hand stamps which can also shrink your testicles! The negative health outcomes that this chemical has created throughout this century are staggering. It has been proven to contribute to hyperactivity, rashes and hives, depression, cancer, asthma and low sperm count.

Mountain Dew Proven To Shrink Your Testicles

Earlier, in 2009, the Food Safety Authority also evaluated the negative effects of Tartrazine. They also found that Tartrazine has adverse effects on the reproductive organs. If you are drinking Mountain Dew on a regular basis, you should reconsider. If you are allowing your children to drink this, especially your young boys, you are setting them up for a life of health complications and smaller than usual “family jewels”.

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Science Could Make Us Immortal - But Do We Really Need It?

Immortality has been at the center of more films and novels that I can possibly count on my two hands, but with every new possibility of immortality, there rises a dozen more skeptics.

With good reason, the majority of the U.S. population does not believe in immortality nor do they really want to be a part of it. Think about it, if there was a way to become immortal, it hardly would be available to the entire population.

In fact, only the one percent would more than likely be capable of affording it. But what if, there was a way for this “fountain of youth” to be made available for the masses? Is it even within the realm of possibility?

Science Could Make Us Immortal - But Do We Really Need It?

Immortal Animals Are Living

Researchers are the University of Nottingham have been studying a special species of flatworms that the incredible capability of overcoming aging and essentially becoming immortal.

Researchers are the University of Nottingham have been studying a special species of flatworms that the incredible capability of overcoming aging and essentially becoming immortal.

These new findings were published in the Proceedings of The National Academy of Sciences, and now are offering insights into how this can be applied to human beings.

Dr Aziz Aboobaker from the University’s School of Biology explains that what happens in planarian worms when they’re cells begin to die off, is that their bodies undergo a sort of regeneration.

Normally when stem cells reproduce and form new organs, they show signs of aging and eventually die. Whereas the stem cells of planarian worms do not die and instead show no signs of degeneration at all.

The researchers at The University of Nottingham were fervent on exploring all aspects of these unique planarian worms so they observed both asexually reproducing worms and sexually reproducing worms.


What they found is that both types of worms are capable of regenerating indefinitely. Both worms demonstrated that they can grow new muscles, tissues, and even entirely new brains.

Science Could Make Us Immortal - But Do We Really Need It?

What This Means For Humans

These findings at The University of Nottingham shed light on a great problem with aging. Normally, our chromosomes are capped with shoe lace-like tips called Telomeres. Everytime we experience growth like recovering from a cut, the new cells that need to be born come from the telomeres.

The problem is, with every new cell growth, our telomeres become smaller and smaller until they are no longer able to produce new cells. This is not an issue for the planarian worm, whose telomeres show no visible signs of wear and tear.

In fact, they simply do not change or “age”. Unlike the planarian worms, humans age when their telomeres get shorter and shorter, and thus their cells lose the ability to reproduce.

So if we are able to understand and decode how exactly these planarian worms are able to stop the shortening of their telomeres, then we might be able to apply this same method to human beings.

Science Could Make Us Immortal - But Do We Really Need It?

Discovering the Immortal Gene

Dr. Thomas Tan discovered the exact gene that the world has been searching for, the gene that allows planarian worms to perpetually regenerate their cells and maintain their telomere length.

In 2009, Dr. Tan was awarded the Nobel Prize for Medicine when he discovered that an enzyme called Telomerase was responsible for maintaining the size of telomeres in the planarian worms. This enzyme is most active during the developmental stages of life and can be found in most sexually reproducing organisms.

Unfortunately, this enzyme ceases to exist after the developmental stages and as humans age, their telomeres begin to shorten again. But if there was a way to re-activate this special enzyme, so that our telomeres began to stop dying off — in theory, we could solve the problem with aging.

And so, the search continues for the long awaited immortal human being. Something tells me, however, that we are closer to the possibility of solving the aging process than anyone is willing to admit.

And so, the search continues for the long awaited immortal human being. Something tells me, however, that we are closer to the possibility of solving the aging process than anyone is willing to admit.

Simply in fear of what powerful men could do with such profound enzymes. Until that day comes, live your life to its absolute fullest, for immortality is found in the soul, not in the body (yet).

By Luis R. Valadez, Learning Mind;

10 Surprising Facts About Vladimir Putin's Extraordinary Past

10 Surprising Facts About Vladimir Putin's Extraordinary Past

10 Surprising Facts About Vladimir Putin's Extraordinary Past

Russian President Vladimir Putin has stood -- often bare-chested -- at the helm of Russian politics since 1999, rotating between the presidency and the prime minister's office.

But before his fast rise to power, Putin spent most of his life far out of the limelight.

With Putin at the center of several global crises, from Syria to Ukraine, The WorldPost takes a look back at the leader's surprising past.

1. Vladimir Putin grew up in a communal apartment shared by three families in St. Petersburg (then known as Leningrad), and he says he remembers hunting rats in the stairwell.


Vladimir Putin grew up in a communal apartment shared by three families in St. Petersburg (then known as Leningrad), and he says he remembers hunting rats in the stairwell.
 The building on St. Petersburg's Baskov Lane where Putin spent his childhood is shown in this April 2002 photo. (AP Photo/Dmitry Lovetsky, File)

2. Putin's grandfather worked as a chef at Lenin’s country house and later cooked for Stalin several times.

Putin's grandfather worked as a chef at Lenin’s country house and later cooked for Stalin several times.
Vladimir Lenin (1870 - 1924) at home. (Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

3. He earned a black belt in judo when he was 18 and still practices the martial art, which he describes as a life philosophy.

He earned a black belt in judo when he was 18 and still practices the martial art, which he describes as a life philosophy.
Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin at a judo training in St. Petersburg, Russia, Dec. 18, 2009. (AP Photo/RIA-Novosti, Alexei Druzhinin, Pool)

4. Putin loves spy novels, once remarking “what amazed me most of all was how one man’s effort could achieve what whole armies could not.”

Vladimir Putin (L) and EU Commission President Jose Barroso read ancient books at an exhibition in Mafra monastery on the outskirts of Lisbon, 26 October 2007. (MIGUEL A. LOPES/AFP/Getty Images)

5. He joined the KGB straight out of university and spent the 1980s helping the Soviet secret police recruit people to spy on the West.

He joined the KGB straight out of university and spent the 1980s helping the Soviet secret police recruit people to spy on the West.
Vladimir Putin attends a meeting when he was chief of the Russian FSB (formulary the KGB) in Moscow, Russia 1999. (Photo by Laski Diffusion)

6. Putin loves his pet dogs and even brings them along to political talks, some suggest to scare fellow world leaders.

Putin loves his pet dogs and even brings them along to political talks, some suggest to scare fellow world leaders.
Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin pets a rescue dog during his meeting with Russian rescue workers in the Novo-Ogaryovo residence outside Moscow, June 6, 2008. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko, Pool)

7. He is fluent in German, but not very confident in English.

He is fluent in German, but not very confident in English.
Vladimir Putin welcomes German Chancellor Angela Merkel for talks in St. Petersburg, Russia, June 21, 2013. (AP Photo/Anatoly Maltsev, pool)

8. Putin and his wife announced their divorce in 2013 during the interval of a ballet.

Putin and his wife announced their divorce in 2013 during the interval of a ballet.
Vladimir Putin and his wife Lyudmila walk before watching the ballet at the State Kremlin Palace in Moscow, June 6, 2013. (MIKHAIL KLIMENTYEV/AFP/Getty Images)

9. Putin has two daughters but their lives are kept a total secret. They attended college under assumed names and their professions and countries of residence are not known.

Putin has two daughters but their lives are kept a total secret. They attended college under assumed names and their professions and countries of residence are not known.
Vladimir Putin with his wife and daughter Katya, spring 1985, from the Putin family album. (Sovfoto/UIG via Getty Images)

10. He is an Orthodox Christian and has expressed his faith in controversial terms, for example by placing same-sex marriage on a par with belief in Satan.

He is an Orthodox Christian and has expressed his faith in controversial terms, for example by placing same-sex marriage on a par with belief in Satan.
Vladimir Putin crosses himself as he attends the Orthodox Christmas service at the Holy Face of Christ the Savior Church in Sochi, Jan. 6, 2014. (AP Photo/Maxim Shemetov, pool)

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Burger King in Japan Launches Black Cheeseburger

Burger King in Japan Launches Black Cheeseburger

First Chinese McDonald’s launched a rank looking set of black and white burger, and now Japanese Burger King are selling black cheeseburgers – as in black buns with a patty and melted black cheese.

Erm no, that’s not OK.

Burger King in Japan Launches Black Cheeseburger

The popular fast food restaurant has been selling the Kuro Burger since 2012, but the cheese layer is a whole new ingredient being unleashed for 2014.

The black colouring comes from charcoal and is apparent in both the bun, and, as you can clearly see – the cheese.

There’s also a squid ink, onion and garlic sauce to really top of the dark and pretty ghastly looking creation.

Burger King in Japan Launches Black Cheeseburger


The one on the left looks like a goth, if a goth was a burger (Picture: Burger King)

The ugly burger launches nationwide in Japan on September 19 with two varieties – one with salad and one without, but thankfully there’s no plans as of yet to bring them to the UK market.

We think we’ll *probably* be sticking to our XL Bacon Double Cheeseburger. Mmm.

Burger King in Japan Launches Black Cheeseburger

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Russian Physicists Turn Lead Into Gold


Moscow | A research team at the Federal State Enterprise Russian Research Center headed by professor Nicolai E. Brevechin has conclusively succeeded in producing very small amounts of gold from bismuth and lead, a goal previously sought out by alchemists for centuries.


The result that was at first unexpected became more and more intriguing to the research team as preliminary tests found a number of transmuted atoms in which four protons had been removed from a bismuth atom to produce gold.

Along with the four protons, the collision-induced reactions had removed anywhere from six to 15 neutrons, producing a range of gold isotopes from gold 190 (79 protons and 111 neutrons) to gold 199 (79 protons, 120 neutrons).

Russian Physicists Turn Lead Into Gold

The discovery which left the scientists incredulous at first, became an obsession of the research team, who did not reveal their positive results at first in fear of academic backlash.

Russian Physicists Turn Lead Into Gold
«We could not believe these results ourselves, we needed extra time to understand what had happened. It’s been months and we are still far from understanding the underlying principles» explains Dr Brevechin.

Also known as the Kurchatov Institute, the research center has played a key role in the maintenance of the country’s security and the development of the most important strategic directions. The Institute was a creator of the first atomic reactor in Eurasia (1946), the first domestic atomic bomb (1949), the first thermonuclear bomb in the world (1953).

The research facility also has seen the rise of the first nuclear power plant in the world (1954), the first tokamak installation (1955), atomic reactors for ice-breakers (1957), submarines (1958) and space engineering were developed under the scientific leadership of Kurchatov Institute.

Russian Physicists Turn Lead Into Gold
The amount of gold produced by the experiments have been of extremely small quantities and the scientists had to identify it by measuring the radiation given off by unstable gold nuclei as they decayed over the course of a year. «It may seem like a very slow process of discovery» explains research assistant Milani Vonovich. «But we are pushing the limits of known science everyday» she adds.

Russian Physicists Turn Lead Into Gold

Producing large quantities of gold from other metals might still be a far-fetched idea for the moment, the quantities of money and energy implied do not make it a profitable exercise, yet researchers are enthusiast that future discoveries might help us eventually solve this age old riddle.

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7 Things Everyone Should Know About Respect

7 Things Everyone Should Know About Respect

Respect is a complex issue, and lies at the heart of every movement for equality or against abuse. The primary struggle against racism, misogyny, and genocide are all directly related to the limited number of people who have taken the time to understand respect worldwide. Without respect, real love is not possible, and neither is a healthy culture or society.

I started my research and reflection for this text intent to write a female equivalent of my “10 things every guy should know,” which itself touches on some “feminist” topics (and I encourage anyone who likes this text to read it) . In my attempts to reach out to feminists and sociologists in my broader circle and at my university, I was essentially universally advised not to write it and the many of my requests for input were actually ignored or not answered whatsoever. The differing levels of respect I received from feminists when reaching out to write a text clearing up misconceptions about identity, gender roles, self-worth, and respect, led me to realize that respect is actually at the core of every issue I was seeking to cover.

So, I decided to compile my thoughts into a few (7) overarching points. This list is, of course, by no means exhaustive.

1. Respect means treating people as individuals

This is a really simple concept: accept that a person is a mix of what they have experienced (including where they come from), how they see/choose to see things, and where they want to go. We do not get to choose what we have been through or experienced, and we cannot define people solely through their past as much as we can define them solely through their ethnicity, looks, or gender.

Understanding people are individuals forces you to understand their actions as an expression of who they are (which, admittedly, is partially a product of social identity), and allows you to hold them (and not some group) responsible for it. Respecting people on an individual basis also allows you to better understand their behavior, and show deeper empathy.

2. Showing respect doesn’t always mean being nice

Respect excludes actions or expressions which seek solely to damage, but they in no way exclude criticism or critical thinking. Saying no to someone is almost certainly not going to please them, but respect for yourself and the other’s understanding of the world makes expressing and explaining your actual position more meaningful and respectful. This also means not punishing people for honesty, no matter what that honesty is.

Of course, timing and context are important, and must be considered in regard to honesty. There is a time and a place for every discussion, and many things are best discussed in a tighter circle (to allow the criticism to be accepted and not defended against in an effort to defend reputation). Avoiding answering a question is a right someone always has, and as a receiver of such an answer you should understand it is in fact more respectful than a lie.

That said, there is nothing respectful about tolerating another treating others with disrespect (denying their humanity, their value, and their potential): you set a positive precedent when you stand up in such instances. This will not immediately gain you respect, but an unwavering respect for life will gain you more respect long term than any financial accomplishments.

7 Things Everyone Should Know About Respect

3. Respecting yourself is an important part of respecting others


Understanding yourself as a decent human being is important to your ability to actually be one. This doesn’t mean excusing anything bad you have done: it means taking ownership of it and doing your best to set it right and prevent it from happening again.

The human brain is malleable: it can form and reform connections dynamically. In neurobiology, this is called neuroplasticity. Breaking old patterns while instating and reinforcing new ones is the key to changing your habits, which in turn affect your self-perception. If you are worried about not being a good person: prove it in every interpersonal exchange you have. This will not only convince you, but it will convince others, who will in turn help solidify this positive way of seeing yourself.

4. Honesty is one of the highest forms of respect


While lies are easy, often two-dimensional, distractions from reality. Taking the trouble to try to figure out the truth of something, and to express it purposefully to another, is worth more than 1000 easy avoidances. Being honest entails accepting that the other person, as a human, has the capacity to understand your thoughts and ideas. It means giving them room to reflect on, and give feedback, about your position or thoughts. Doing this makes you more ‘vulnerable,’ but it also shows your ability to think far and opens you up to learn more than any cliché small talk, or quotes from some series or movie.

That said, as mentioned in point 2, there is a time and place for deeper or harsher honesty, which is rarely not in front of a group or in public.

5. Giving respect won’t always mean getting it back: accept this


Treating others with respect is something done not just for the other, but also for yourself. Respect is something which may be given, but it cannot be demanded in return. If your respect is not returned by another, this says far more about them than it does about you, and helps you immediately know to be careful of this person. Do not take it personally: it will only skew your motives and understanding of the situation (as well as the other person).

Understand that if people cannot show themselves or you respect, you may actually have to show them it is possible for them to even believe such a thing exists. If you want to deal with them then you should show them a respect that they don’t show to themselves, and not take their ‘weirdness’ personally, or use it against them in any way.

Sometimes, others are not acquainted with respectful interpersonal relationships, and may first be skeptical or cynical towards attempts to treat them as a human, with all the potential that entails. Not judging them, but instead understanding they themselves lack the emotional resources to give, helps you empathize with them despite their lack of doing so. This doesn’t mean you have to help them, it just means you don’t have to despise them for not returning (or accepting) what you offer.

7 Things Everyone Should Know About Respect

6. Fear has nothing to do with respect


Confusing fear and respect is a serious problem in our society, probably based on the fact that governments routinely ‘validate’ their right to rule through directed violence against dissidents or protesters. Since authority figures are to ‘be respected,’ and historically have used violence of various types to maintain their ‘respect,’ confusion is not unexpected.

Fear, unfortunately, leads to a gross misunderstanding of oneself, others, and the situation. Courteous actions done under the threat of violence, or out of fear, have absolutely nothing to do with respect and culture no long term loyalty. While respect through understanding and appreciation is likely to generate pats on the back, attempting to generate respect through fear is more likely to generate a knife in the back.

7. Forgiving yourself and others stems out of respect for the dynamic nature of life


None of us are slaves: not to our identity, our friends, our jobs, our countries, or our pasts. Forgiving means not holding onto hostilities or negative emotions, but does not entail letting your guard down (in regard to yourself, or to others). People tend to be creatures of habit, and although change is possible, it is the result of a dedicated effort. Not demonizing anyone, or reducing their humanity, is different from naively believing people are independent from their past.

Forgiveness works best when undertaken hand-in-hand with strategy. Understanding this will be the key to changing our society enough to avoid the serious possibility of impending biosphere collapse. Respect for yourself and others culminates in a respect for the environment, which lies at the center of almost every indigenous resistance to civilization. If civilization can come to understand respect and take responsibility the existing situation, it can come to survive on this planet, otherwise our odds do not look good.

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These 6 Lady Scientists Totally Kicked Ass At What They Did – Science Of Course

These 6 Lady Scientists Totally Kicked Ass At What They Did – Science Of Course

In most areas of society, men have dominated for centuries. Even not that long ago, women's ideas were often discarded by a patriarchal scientific hierarchy. But even though science is still dominated by men, these 12 women were awesome as hell when it came to their fields of study.

 Rachel Carson

1. Rachel Carson

Rachel Carson authored one of my all time favorite books, Silent Spring. She was an American marine biologist and conservationist, and her book warned of the dangers of pesticides and helped launch the modern environmental movement that we see today.

Barbara McClintock

2. Barbara McClintock

Barbara McClintock was a cytogeneticist, a geneticist that studies the structure of cells, particularly mitochondria. She was a pinoeer in genetic research and is to this day one of the most distinguished scientists in her field. In 1983, she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for her work in genetic transposition.

 Lise Meitner

3. Lise Meitner
Lise Meitner, a physicist, is sometimes called the "Mother Of The Atom Bomb." She was a physicist from Austria and later Sweden, who with her colleague Otto Hahn, was the first to discover nuclear fission. This discovery has the capability to liberate or imprison the world, depending on who wields it. Otto Hahn was awarded the Nobel Prize for the discovery of nuclear fission. Meitner was not. Element 109, or Meitnerium, is named for her.

Maxine Singer

4. Maxine Singer

Maxine Singer is a molecular biologist hailing from the US. She played a pivotal role in unlocking the secrets of our genetic code and was the driver of discussions on the ethics of genetic engineering.

Rosalind Franklin

5. Rosalind Franklin


Rosalind Franklin was a chemist, biophysicist, and X-ray crystallographer who helped discover the double helix shape of DNA. In 1953, her work was used to create the modern model of DNA.


Marie Curie

6. Marie Curie


Marie Curie was a pioneer in the study of radioactivity. She was a Polish physicist and chemist. With the help of her husband, she made the incredible discoveries of Polonium and Radium and in 1903 was the first woman to win the Nobel Prize in Physics. She won her second in chemistry in 1911.

It truly goes to show what sheer grit and determination can accomplish for you, even when the odds are stacked against you.

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