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Interactive Live Holography Makes Medical Debut [VIDEO]

Interactive Live Holography - From Science Fiction to Science Fact

In what could be a game changer in the field of medical imaging, an Israeli firm known as RealView Imaging enables physicians to manipulate and analyze a patient’s internal organ anatomy in midair in real time. A physician can, for instance, take a patient's heart model and rotate it and even slice it open to reveal the internal anatomy. These capabilities could assist in preoperative planning of minimally invasive procedures.

Long a staple of science fiction, a simple 3-D holograms can be made using lasers, lenses, a beam splitter, mirrors, and holographic film. The lenses work to diffuse light from the lasers, which is then split, and beamed onto a mirror and the target object.

Interactive Live Holography - From Science Fiction to Science Fact

RealView has teamed up with Philips to demonstrate the feasibility of the technology in minimally-invasive structural heart disease procedures. Last month, Philips announced that a small trial conducted in Israel improved clinicians' ability to understand device-tissue interaction during surgery. The trial, which involved eight patients, tested the use of holography to facilitate transcatheter device closure of atrial septal defect/patent foramen ovale and in an angiography evaluation.

Interactive Live Holography - From Science Fiction to Science Fact

The RealView system works by scanning the heart, accepting data from it into a digital light system, and creating an image made of 3-D pixels. The result is a smooth image of a beating heart hovering in the air. "The ability to reach into the image and apply markings on the soft-tissue anatomy in the x-ray and 3-D ultrasound images would be extremely useful for guidance of these complex procedures," explained Elchanan Bruckheimer, MD, from Schneider Children’s Medical Center in Israel at TCT. "Communication is better and there is no doubt that if you have better communication, you have a better understanding as a physician and therefore perform better and give better patient care. Hopefully we will have this in our labs very soon.”



12 Little Known Laws of Karma (That Will Change Your Life)

12 Little Known Laws of Karma (That Will Change Your Life)

What is Karma? Karma is the Sanskrit word for action. It is equivalent to Newton’s law of ‘every action must have a reaction’. When we think, speak or act we initiate a force that will react accordingly. This returning force maybe modified, changed or suspended, but most people will not be able eradicate it.

This law of cause and effect is not punishment, but is wholly for the sake of education or learning.A person may not escape the consequences of his actions, but he will suffer only if he himself has made the conditions ripe for his suffering. Ignorance of the law is no excuse whether the laws are man-made or universal.

To stop being afraid and to start being empowered in the worlds of karma and reincarnation, here is what you need to know about karmic laws.

12 Little Known Laws of Karma (That Will Change Your Life)

- "As you sow, so shall you reap". This is also known as the "Law of Cause and Effect".
- Whatever we put out in the Universe is what comes back to us.
- If what we want is Happiness, Peace, Love, Friendship... Then we should BE Happy, Peaceful, Loving and a True Friend.

- Life doesn't just HAPPEN, it requires our participation.
- We are one with the Universe, both inside and out.
- Whatever surrounds us gives us clues to our inner state.
- BE yourself, and surround yourself with what you want to have present in your Life.

- What you refuse to accept, will continue for you.
- If what we see is an enemy, or someone with a character trait that we find to be negative, then we ourselves are not focused on a higher level of existence.

- "Wherever you go, there you are".
- For us to GROW in Spirit, it is we who must change
- and not the people, places or things around us.
- The only given we have in our lives is OURSELVES and that is the only factor we have control over.
- When we change who and what we are within our heart our life follows suit and changes too.

- Whenever there is something wrong in my life, there is something wrong in me.
- We mirror what surrounds us - and what surrounds us mirrors us; this is a Universal Truth.
- We must take responsibility what is in our life.

- Even if something we do seems inconsequential, it is very important that it gets done as everything in the Universe is connected.
- Each step leads to the next step, and so forth and so on.
- Someone must do the initial work to get a job done.
- Neither the first step nor the last are of greater significance,
- As they were both needed to accomplish the task.
- Past-Present-Future they are all connected...

12 Little Known Laws of Karma (That Will Change Your Life)

- You can not think of two things at the same time.
- When our focus is on Spiritual Values, it is impossible for us to have lower thoughts such as greed or anger.

- If you believe something to be true,then sometime in your life you will be called upon to demonstrate that particular truth.
- Here is where we put what we CLAIM that we have learned, into actual PRACTICE.

- Looking backward to examine what was, prevents us from being totally in the HERE AND NOW.
- Old thoughts, old patterns of behavior, old dreams...
- Prevent us from having new ones. THE LAW OF CHANGE
- History repeats itself until we learn the lessons that we need to change our path.

- All Rewards require initial toil.
- Rewards of lasting value require patient and persistent toil.
- True joy follows doing what we're suppose to be doing, and waiting for the reward to come in on its own time.

- You get back from something whatever YOU have put into it.
- The true value of something is a direct result of the energy and intent that is put into it.
- Every personal contribution is also a contribution to the Whole.
- Lack luster contributions have no impact on the Whole, nor do they work to diminish it.
- Loving contributions bring life to, and inspire, the Whole.


Rare Condition Causes Woman to Smell Like Rotten Fish

Rare Condition Causes Woman to Smell Like Rotten Fish

For 14 years, company director Ellie James has been receiving the same Secret Santa presents at Christmas – bottles of perfume and bars of soap. And when she opens them, she is met with roaring laughter from her colleagues. The presents are mortifying, they break her heart every time because they are a subtle reminder of the horrible genetic disorder that she has to live with. Ellie suffers from a rare condition that leaves her reeking of fish and rotten eggs.

Ellie’s condition might seem amusing or even downright funny, but it’s quite sad when you look at it from her point of view. You might think that she isn’t very good at personal hygiene, but you would be wrong. At one point, she even showered five times a day and scrubbed her skin with dishwashing detergent until it became red and raw. But nothing worked; no matter how much Ellie cleaned herself, the smell kept coming back stronger.

It all began when Ellie turned 30. “At first I didn’t understand what was wrong,” said the 44-year-old from Abingdon, Oxfordshire. “I’d always had impeccable hygiene. The smell was a complete mystery – I wondered if my cat had brought in a mouse and left it to rot. But I slowly realized it was me when strangers began to stare at me while holding their noses. I heard people whispering about me in the office.”

Rare Condition Causes Woman to Smell Like Rotten Fish

As devastating as the smell was, it wasn’t until much later that Ellie was diagnosed with the rare disorder – trimethylaminuria, or fish-odor syndrome. But the years before Ellie could understand what was happening to her were a true nightmare. “I would come home from work every night and cry,” she said. “Soon people were showering me with gifts of perfume. At Christmas I’d get soap – it was completely humiliating. Once a driver actually installed an air freshener on the bus I use, and a passenger said it was my fault. It was soul-destroying – it was a real struggle getting out of bed in the morning.”

In 2005, five years after the horrible odor had gripped her life, Ellie mustered up the courage to see her doctor. Unfortunately, the visit went horribly wrong – she ended up being lectured on personal hygiene by the ignorant doctor. But she returned again a year later, and she was finally taken seriously. After a series of tests and a visit to an endocrinologist, Ellie’s condition was identified in 2007. “Although it was hard to swallow, I felt relief,” she said.

Fish-odor syndrome is caused by a missing enzyme, resulting in strong-smelling sweat, urine and breath. The smell is usually similar to rotting fish, feces or garbage. Because of the enzyme’s absence, the body is unable to break down trimethylamine – the smelly chemical that is produced in the gut when foods like dairy, coffee, fish and meat are digested. Women are more likely to develop the disorder than men; female hormones are known to aggravate the condition. Currently, the extremely rare condition has no cure.

Rare Condition Causes Woman to Smell Like Rotten Fish

Ellie is now taking antibiotics and following a special diet plan. “I began to wash with a pH-balanced soap after I found out that washing excessively with normal soap made the smell even worse. There is no cure but making these changes helps,” she said. “Now, when someone hold their nose, I take them aside and explain that I have a medical condition. I hope my story will educate those who point fingers, and encourage other sufferers to find the strength to get help.”

Despite her odd condition, Ellie has found love, which is wonderful. She met 50-year-old Dan Molston, in 2006 through mutual friends and bonded over their common interest, cycling. Dan said: “Ellie is a lovely person and that’s all that matters.”


Land Rover Designs 'Invisible' Car Bonnet [VIDEO]

Land Rover Designs 'Invisible' Car Bonnet

Your next car might be transparent.

Land Rover has unveiled a stunning concept of a car which uses cameras and augmented reality to turn the bonnet 'see through', from the driver's perspective.

The live camera relay from the vehicle’s grille is overlaid on the view of the terrain ahead, over the front of the car:

Land Rover Designs 'Invisible' Car Bonnet

The idea named 'Transparent Bonnet' by the literally-minded company, and is just a prototype for now.

But Land Rover imagines that drivers in rough terrain could benefit hugely from seeing more about the conditions and ground nearby.

Here's how it would work:

Land Rover Designs 'Invisible' Car Bonnet

Dr Wolfgang Epple, director of research and technology for Jaguar Land Rover said in a press statement:

"We believe the next 25 years will be the most exciting and dynamic the automotive industry has ever experienced. There will be huge strides in environmental innovation, in safety and capability. "As our vehicles become more capable and autonomous off-road, we will ensure the driver has the confidence to allow the car to continue to progress, over any terrain. We are developing new technologies including the Transparent Bonnet to give drivers an augmented view of reality to help them tackle anything from the toughest off-road route to the tight confines of an urban car park."


Engineered Vaginas Grown In Women For The First Time

Engineered Vaginas Grown In Women For The First Time

Vaginas grown in a lab from the recipients' own cells have been successfully transferred to the body for the first time.

The surgery was carried out on four women who were born without vaginal canals because of a rare condition. The women, who were teenagers at the time of the operation, now have fully functioning sexual organs.

"After the operation they were able to function normally. They had normal levels of desire, arousal, satisfaction and orgasm," says Anthony Atala at Wake Forest School of Medicine in North Carolina, who led the research. He published the results only after four to eight years had elapsed following surgery, enough time for him to be sure there were no long-term complications.

The four women had undeveloped vaginas because they all have a severe form of a condition called Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser Syndrome (MKRH), which affects about 1 in 5000 women. They also had some abnormal development of the uterus, although they did have a vulva – the external part of the sex organ which includes the labia and the clitoris. They were not able to have penetrative sex or menstruate. One of the women was diagnosed after her menstrual blood had collected in her abdomen.

As well as having physical implications, a diagnosis of MKRH is also a huge psychological burden for women.

Engineered Vaginas Grown In Women For The First Time

Maturity challenge

Building on techniques the group developed in the 1990s and perfected on rabbits, Atala and his colleagues removed a small part of the vulva from each woman and grew the cells in the lab. After about four weeks they had enough cells to begin to lay them on to a degradable scaffold one layer at a time "like the layers of a cake", he says.

The challenge was how to get the cells to grow to the right level of maturity in the lab, says Atala. You need to make sure that the cells are mature enough so that when you implant them into the body, they can recruit other cells in the body to form tissue that includes nerves and blood vessels.

Working with surgeons at the Federico Gomez Children's Hospital of Mexicoin Mexico City, Atala's team used MRI scans to calculate the appropriate shape and size of the scaffolds for each patient. After cells had established themselves on these scaffolds, surgeons created a cavity in the abdomen and inserted the engineered vagina. It was then stitched in place, connected at the top to the uterus.

The women used a stent for six weeks to make sure the structure maintained the right shape.

Engineered Vaginas Grown In Women For The First Time

The scaffold was made of a collagen matrix and degraded spontaneously over the months following surgery. In that time, the implanted cells matured into the normal tissue of the vaginal wall, including the right layers of muscle and epithelial cells (see video). The vagina was fully developed after six months, and the women were able to menstruate and have sex.
Better than a skin graft

Atala hopes that in the future, the technique could be used to treat not only women who have congenital vaginal defects but also those who have suffered damage through trauma – for instance, because of a car accident or cancer.

Currently it is possible to surgically create vaginas using grafts from either intestinal or skin tissue, but these can lead to severe complications. Skin cell grafts do not provide lubrication which causes pain during sex, and can thicken to the point where the vagina closes. Intestinal cells secrete mucus constantly, which is unhygienic and causes an unpleasant odour. Using the women's own cells from the vulva gets around these issues.

Knowing that the engineered tissue originates from the recipient's own body can be reassuring for them, says Sylvie Miot at the University of Basel, Switzerland, whose team has also successfully engineered new nostrils for patients who had to have skin cancers removed from their nose. Their findings are being published in the same issue of the Lancet.

Both studies involved small numbers of patients, but they provide the first strong evidence that nerve and blood vessels can reconnect to large patches of bioengineered tissues directly inside the body.

Engineered Vaginas Grown In Women For The First Time

Normal life

The findings also show that lab-engineered organs can grow to maturity healthily inside the body, says Martin Birchall at University College London. The women were aged between 13 and 18 years old when the surgery took place so their bodies were still developing. Birchall, who pioneered the first transplant of a human windpipe using the recipient's stem cells, calls the results "very meaningful".

One of the recipients, who wished to remain anonymous, said the treatment opened up new possibilities. "I truly feel fortunate, because I'll have a normal life – completely normal," she says. "It's important to let other girls that have the same problem know that it does not end knowing that you have the disease, because there is a treatment."

Two of the four women have a functional uterus, so the big question is whether they will be able to have children. "They haven't tried," says Atala, "but they can ovulate, so there is no reason to suspect that they cannot."



Dress Turns Transparent When It Detects You're Turned On [VIDEO]

Dress Turns Transparent When It Detects You're Turned On

Soon, you will be able to know when your girlfriend gets turned on.

Intimacy 2.0, is a racy dress, and not because the way it looks.

This dress, which comes in black or white, has a hidden secret. The dress is equipped with a device that monitors the wearer's heart rate.

Dress Turns Transparent When It Detects You're Turned On

When it detects a faster heart beat, the plastic parts of the dress become see through. The dress was created by Dutch designer Daan Roosegaarde of Studio Roosegaarde.

“Intimacy 2.0 is a fashion project exploring the relation between intimacy and technology,” Roosegaarde said. Unfortunately, the dress will not be for sale for the public anytime soon.



23-year-old Buys Audi R8 With YouTube Money

23-year-old Buys Audi R8 With YouTube Money

For many a young man – and woman – owning a 180mph supercar is little more than a pipe dream.

But Paul Wallace, who lives at home with his parents, has turned that dream into reality, thanks to a mobile phone and YouTube.

The 23-year-old has been filming supercars driving through London and uploading clips to the video website.

And his hobby has paid off. Big time. His Supercars Of London channel has been viewed 65million times and generated enough cash through associated advertising to enable him to buy a £50,000 second-hand Audi R8.

23-year-old Buys Audi R8 With YouTube Money

‘It is a dream come true,’ said Mr Wallace. ‘It is surreal knowing I started this all from filming supercars.

‘Owning a car like this is what I have always dreamed of. It looks amazing inside and out, it drives fantastic and sounds brilliant.’

The car, which retails new at about £80,000, has a 4.2-litre V8 engine which gives it a 0-62mph time of 4.6 seconds and a top speed of 187mph. His biggest hit, titled ‘The dumbest rich man in the world’, is of a convertible Lamborghini being driven in pouring rain in London with the roof down. It has been watched 11.7million times.

23-year-old Buys Audi R8 With YouTube Money

Mr Wallace, a student from Watford, pulls in revenues of up to £1,750 a month, which covers repayments on the Audi, insurance, tax, and general running costs.

‘My dream car is the Lamborghini Aventador. I want that to be my next car,’ he said.


UK Scientists Grow Body Parts In The Laboratory [VIDEO]

UK Scientists Grow Body Parts In The Laboratory

LONDON - In a north London hospital, scientists are growing noses, ears and blood vessels in a bold attempt to make body parts in the laboratory.

It's far from the only lab in the world that is pursuing the futuristic idea of growing organs for transplant. But the London work was showcased Tuesday as Mayor Boris Johnson announced a plan to attract more labs to do cutting-edge health and science research in the area.

While only a handful of patients have received the British lab-made organs so far— including tear ducts, blood vessels and windpipes — researchers hope they will soon be able to transplant more types of body parts into patients, including what would be the world's first nose made partly from stem cells.

"It's like making a cake," said Alexander Seifalian at University College London, the scientist leading the effort. "We just use a different kind of oven."

UK Scientists Grow Body Parts In The Laboratory

British authorities have invested nearly 4 million pounds ($6.7 million) in the plan to stimulate research in the London-Oxford-Cambridge area. It aims to attract companies to the area to foster collaboration and promote research and manufacturing. A major centre for biological research will open in London next year.

University College London is a partner in the campaign. During a recent visit to his lab there, Seifalian showed off a sophisticated machine used to make moulds from a polymer material for various organs.

Last year, he and his team used that material to mould a nose for a British man who lost his to cancer. Then they added a salt and sugar solution to the mould to mimic the somewhat sponge-like texture of a natural nose. Stem cells were taken from the patient's fat and grown in the lab for two weeks before being used to cover the nose scaffold. Later, the nose was implanted into the man's forearm so that skin would grow to cover it.

UK Scientists Grow Body Parts In The Laboratory

Seifalian said he and his team are waiting for approval from regulatory authorities to transfer the nose onto the patient's face but couldn't say when that might happen.

The polymer material Seifalian uses for his organ scaffolds has been patented and he's also applied for patents for their blood vessels, tear ducts and windpipes. He and his team are creating other organs including coronary arteries and ears. Later this year, a trial is scheduled to start in India and London to test lab-made ears for people born without them.

"Ears are harder to make than noses because you have to get all the contours right and the skin is pulled tight so you see its entire structure," said Dr. Michelle Griffin, a plastic surgeon who has made dozens of ears and noses in Seifalian's lab.

"At the moment, children who need new ears have to go through a really invasive procedure involving taking cartilage from their ribs," Griffin said. She added they plan to eventually create an entirely synthetic face but must first prove their polymer scaffolds won't accidentally burst out of the skin.

"Scientists have to get things like noses and ears right before we can move onto something like a kidney, lungs or a liver, which is much more complicated," said Eileen Gentleman, a stem cell expert at King's College London, who is not involved in Seifalian's research. "What (Seifalian) has created is the correct structure and the fact that it's good enough for his patients to have a functional (windpipe), tear duct, etc. is pretty amazing," she said.

UK Scientists Grow Body Parts In The Laboratory

Some scientists predicted certain lab-made organs will soon cease to be experimental.

"I'm convinced engineered organs are going to be on the market soon," said Suchitra Sumitran-Holgersson, a professor of transplantation biology at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden. She has transferred lab-made blood vessels into a handful of patients and plans to offer them more widely by 2016, pending regulatory approval.

UK Scientists Grow Body Parts In The Laboratory

Seifalian hopes lab-made organs will one day be available for a few hundred dollars.

"If people are not that fussy, we could manufacture different sizes of noses so the surgeon could choose a size and tailor it for patients before implanting it," he said. "People think your nose is very individual and personal but this is something that we could mass produce like in a factory one day."



Ten incredible Underwater Discoveries That Have Captured Our Imagination

Ten incredible Underwater Discoveries That Have Captured Our Imagination

Out of all the amazing archaeological discoveries made each and every day around the world, my favourites have got to be those that emerge from the depths of the ocean. I think there is something about the underwater world that captures our imagination – perhaps it is the curiosity and intrigue about what else may lie beneath the surface, or the idea that entire cities may be hidden on the ocean floor, out of sight and out of reach. Fortunately, underwater discoveries are not always out of reach and every year more incredible findings are made thanks to advancing technology in the field of marine archaeology. Here we present ten remarkable marine discoveries that have captured our imagination.

1. Artifacts retrieved from site of first ever ancient naval battle

In November, 2013, archaeologists announced the recovery of a treasure trove of artifacts off the coast of Sicily from the site of the first ancient naval battle ever discovered, including battering rams, helmets, armour and weapons dating back 2,000 years. They are the remnants of the Battle of the Egadi Islands - the last clash from the first Punic War which took place in 241 BC – in which the Romans fought the Carthaginians in a battle that culminated from more than 20 years of warring as the Romans struggled to gain a foothold in the Mediterranean Sea.

While the Carthaginians were much more powerful on the water, the Romans lay in wait trapping the Carthaginians and blocking off their sea route in a sudden attack. Up to 50 Carthaginian ships were sunk, killing up to 10,000 men. The Roman victory set them on the road for Europe-wide domination. The priceless horde of artefacts had lain undisturbed on the seabed at a depth of 100 metres for more than two millennia.  

2. 2,000-year-old intact Roman medicinal pill found in submerged shipping vessel

In June, 2013, a team of Italian scientists conducted a chemical analysis on some ancient Roman medicinal pills discovered in the Relitto del Pozzino, a 2000-year-old submerged shipping vessel which sank off the coast of Tuscany, revealing what exactly the ancient Romans used as medicine. The Roman shipwreck lay near the remains of the Etruscan city of Populonia, which at the time the ship foundered was a key port along sea trade routes between the west and east across the Mediterranean Sea. The Relitto del Pozzino was excavated by the Archaeological Superintendency of Tuscany throughout the 1980s and 90s, revealing a variety of fascinating cargo including lamps originating in Asia minor, Syrian-Palestinian glass bowls, bronze jugs, ceramic vessels for carrying wine and, of particular interest, the remains of a medicine chest containing a surgery hook, a mortar, 136 wooden drug vials and several cylindrical tin vessels, one of which contained five circular medicinal tablets.

 The tin vessels had remained completely sealed, which kept the pills dry, providing an amazing opportunity to find out exactly what substances were contained within them. The results revealed that the pills contain a number of zinc compounds, as well as iron oxide, starch, beeswax, pine resin and other plant-derived materials. Based on their shape and composition, scientists have suggested that the tablets were used as a type of eye medicine. 

3. Incredible discovery of boat wreck in Croatia dated to 3,200 years

In March, this year, marine archaeologist and researcher at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) in France, Giulia Boetto, announced the incredible discovery of a boat wreck in Zambratija Cove, Croatia, which was just dated to 1,200 BC. The unique and rare finding is a Bronze Age sewn boat, a type of wooden boat which is literally sewn together using ropes, roots, or willow branches. The boat measures 7 metres in length and 2.5 metres in width and is a sewn boat, which was a technique of shipbuilding practiced in the Adriatic until the Roman era.

The remains of the boat found in Zambratija Cove are incredibly well-preserved for its age, with stitching still visible in some areas and the frame largely undamaged. The different types of wood used to construct it have been identified as elm, alder, and fir, and tree ring dating is currently underway, which will provide the date the tree was cut to the nearest year. Ms Boetto said that they hope to finalise a 3D model of the boat and, eventually, a complete reconstruction.  

4. Elongated skulls found in Maya underwater cave

In January, 2014, a flooded sinkhole in southern Mexico that terrifies local villagers was explored by underwater archaeologists, who found the submerged cavern littered with elongated skulls and human bones. The underwater cavern, known as Sac Uayum, is a cenote located in Mexico’s Yucatán Peninsula. A cenote is a natural pit resulting from the collapse of limestone bedrock that exposes groundwater underneath. They were sometimes used by the ancient Maya for sacrificial offerings. Local legend says that the mysterious cavern is guarded by a feathered, horse-headed serpent. Older residents of the nearby village of Telchaquillo tell stories of people seeing the serpent perching in a tree, leaping up, spinning around three times, and diving into the water.

From the first day of diving archaeologists discovered that there may be a very real reason why the villagers fear the place. It appears something terrible took place there and perhaps knowledge of this was passed down over the centuries leading to the development of myths and legends. The team identified more than a dozen human remains. The bones bear no marks that would indicate cause of death, so the people probably weren't sacrificed. According to the researchers, the elongated skulls were intentionally flattened during infancy, a practice that archaeologists are still seeking answers for.  

5. Swedish divers find 11,000-year-old underwater relics

Earlier this year, Swedish divers made a unique and rare discovery in the Baltic Sea – Stone Age artifacts left by Swedish nomads dating back 11,000 years. Researchers uncovered a number of remnants that are believed to have been discarded in the water by Swedes in the Stone Age, objects which have been preserved thanks to the lack of oxygen and the abundance of gyttja sediment, which is sediment rich in organic matter at the bottom of a eutrophic lake. It is extremely rare to find evidence from the Stone Age so unspoiled.

 Buried 16 metres below the surface, the team uncovered wood, flint tools, animal horns and ropes. Among the most notable items found include a harpoon carving made from an animal bone, and the bones of an ancient animal called aurochs, the ancestor of domestic cattle, the last of which died off in the early 1600s. Archaeologists are continuing the dig, and are now particularly interested to see whether there is also an ancient burial site in the region.

6. Mysterious 10,000-year-old underwater ruins in Japan

On the southern coast of Yonaguni, Japan, lie submerged ruins estimated to be around 10,000 years old. The origin of the site is hotly debated - many experts argue that is man-made, while more other scientists insist it was carved out by natural phenomena. The unique and awe-inspiring site was discovered in 1995 by a diver who strayed too far off the Okinawa shore and was dumb-struck when he stumbled upon the sunken arrangement of monolithic blocks "as if terraced into the side of a mountain".

The site consists of huge stone blocks which fit together perfectly, right angled joins, carvings and what appear to be stairways, paved streets, crossroads and plazas. Despite the unusual features displayed at Yonaguni, there remains some scientists, such as Geologist Robert Schoch of Boston University, who have studied the formation and who are adamant that the large blocks formed naturally as a result of tectonic movement.

7. The controversial underwater structures of Zakynthos

In June 2013, Greek archaeologists announced an amazing finding – an ancient underwater city in the gulf of Alykanas in Zakynthos, Greece. According to the Underwater Antiquities Department, the discovery included huge public buildings, cobblestone paving, bases for pillars and other antiquities. Of particular significance were the 20 stone pillar bases, all of which feature a “34 cm diameter incision”, which were probably meant for wooden columns.

Preliminary observations led to the conclusion that the remains belonged to a large ancient public building, probably belonging to an important settlement in the ancient city’s port. However, in a strange twist, a study released in December claimed that the ‘artifacts’ are not remnants of an ancient city at all, but simply a unique natural phenomenon.

8. The perfectly preserved ancient Chinese underwater city

The Lion City, otherwise known as Shi Cheng, is an ancient submerged city that lies at the foot of Wu Shi Mountain (Five Lion Mountain), located beneath the spectacular Qiandao Lake (Thousand Island Lake) in China. Officials have taken a renewed interest in the sunken city since discovering in February this year, that despite more than 50 years underwater, the entire city has been preserved completely intact, transforming it into a virtual time capsule.

The Lion City was built during the Eastern Han Dynasty (25 – 200 AD) and was once the centre of politics and economics in the eastern province of Zhejiang. But in 1959, the Chinese government decided a new hydroelectric power station was required - so it built a man-made lake, submerging Shi Cheng under 40 metres of water. The Lion City lay undisturbed and forgotten for 53 years, until Qiu Feng, a local official in charge of tourism, decided to see what remained of the city under the deep waters. He was amazed to discover that, protected from wind, rain, and sun, the entire city complete with temples, memorial arches, paved roads, and houses, was completely intact, including wooden beams and stairs.

9. The 5,000-year-old sunken city in Southern Greece

In the Peloponnesus region of southern Greece there is a small village called Pavlopetri, where a nearby ancient city dating back 5,000 years resides. However, this is not an ordinary archaeological site – the city can be found about 4 meters underwater and is believed to be the oldest known submerged city in the world. The city is incredibly well designed with roads, two storey houses with gardens, temples, a cemetery, and a complex water management system including channels and water pipes. In the centre of the city, was a square or plaza measuring about 40x20 meters and most of the buildings have been found with up to 12 rooms inside. The design of this city surpasses the design of many cities today.

The city is so old that it existed in the period that the famed ancient Greek epic poem ‘Iliad’ was set in. Research in 2009 revealed that the site extends for about 9 acres and evidence shows that it had been inhabited prior to 2800 BC. Scientists estimate that the city was sunk in around 1000 BC due to earthquakes that shifted the land. However, despite this and even after 5,000 years, the arrangement of the city is still clearly visible and at least 15 buildings have been found. The city’s arrangement is so clear that the head of the archaeological team, John Henderson of the University of Nottingham, and his team, have been able to create what they believe is an extremely accurate 3D reconstruction of the city.

10, Ancient Egyptian city of Heracleion

The city of Heracleion, home of the temple where Cleopatra was inaugurated, plunged into the Mediterranean Sea off the coast of Egypt nearly 1,200 years ago. It was one of the most important trade centres in the region before it sank more than a millennium ago. For centuries, the city was believed to be a myth, much like the city of Atlantis is viewed today. But in 2001, an underwater archaeologist searching for French warships stumbled across the sunken city.

After removing layers of sand and mud, divers uncovered the extraordinarily well preserved city with many of its treasures still intact including, the main temple of Amun-Gerb, giant statues of pharaohs, hundreds of smaller statues of gods and goddesses, a sphinx, 64 ancient ships, 700 anchors, stone blocks with both Greek and Ancient Egyptian inscriptions, dozens of sarcophagi, gold coins and weights made from bronze and stone. The Greek historian Herodotus (5th century BC) told us of a great temple that was built where the famous hero Heracles first set foot on to Egypt, and was named after him.

He also reported of Helen of Troy’s visit to Heracleion with her lover Paris before the Trojan War. More than four centuries after Herodotus’ visit to Egypt, the geographer Strabo observed that the city of Heracleion, which possessed the temple of Herakles, is located straight to the east of Canopus at the mouth of the Canopic branch of the River Nile. However, until its discovery, Heracleion was just a place of legends.


[Exclusive Video] Creating Sand Castles With A Single Grain Of Sand

Creating Sand Castles With A Single Grain Of Sand

After four years of trial-and-error experimentation, artist Vik Muniz and artist/researcher Marcelo Coelho successfully created drawings as tiny as they are tremendous: magnificent castles etched onto microscopic grains of sand—a complete and innovative reversal of building a sand castle.

At less than half a millimeter in length, crisp drawings appear on flecks of earth that seem inconsequential to the naked eye. Muniz, an artist known for works that alter perspectives based on context, used to create massive, 500-meter-long drawings that could only be seen from helicopter. At ground level, these sketches looked just like dug-out paths in dirt. About five years ago, however, Muniz began thinking in the opposite direction: what if he could make drawings both miniature and monumental?

Above, watch our documentary on these micro sand castles, debuting today at the Tel Aviv Museum of Art as part of a comprehensive exhibit on the work of Vik Muniz. The Creators Project is exploring the ways in which technology is allowing the size of our canvas to shrink or grow dramatically. From microscopic art to projects with the ambition to (literally) paint the sky, we are looking at artists who are seeking out new canvases, and as part of that pursuit, new methods of creation. Continue below for more on Muniz and Coelho's mind-blowing process behind their seemingly-imperceptible engravings.

To achieve these etchings, Muniz and Coelho devised a highly-technical process, that involved both antiquated technology and innovative visual tools. Muniz first created sketches of castles using a camera lucida, an optical superimposition device created in 1807 that turns images in front of the viewer into a projection on piece of paper, allowing him to trace the tiny castles.

Next, he sent these drawings to Coelho, who toyed with a variety of microscopic drawing processes for four years with limited successes. Laser-inscription, for example, often destroyed the soft sand, or wouldn't appear distinct enough on harder grains. Finally, he began using a Focused Ion Beam (FIB), a device typically used for fixing integrated circuits on microchips, at highly-sensitive levels to yield the shape of a castle at a microscopic scale.

The FIB uses two screens: the first frames the image, depicting the electrons needed to see the grain. The second screen displays the ions which etch the grain, resulting in a crisp image of Muniz's castles:

Creating Sand Castles With A Single Grain Of Sand

Creating Sand Castles With A Single Grain Of Sand

Creating Sand Castles With A Single Grain Of Sand

On why they picked sand castles, Muniz noted, "I rely on images that are simple, that you've seen a million times... You think you know it but then you have to know it again."

At these magnification level, a single pixel is about 50 nanometers wide. Yep, nano. A single line can be somewhere between .4 to 1.0 micrometers—close to the diffraction limit of visible light, hence why the duo can't photograph these drawings using an optical microscope. Each image requires at least nine scans before it can be printed, which Muniz blows up into four feet wide macro photographs.

"It's really strange," said Coelho, "because you're drawing on to a canvas and you don't really know what it is and you can't hold it." Throughout his trial-and-error process, Coelho kept asking himself, what if he just Photoshopped the images? "You realize it's not the same thing. The final image carriers the process of the images you've developed."

Muniz added a rather-epiphanic thought on this project: "When someone tells you it's a grain of sand, there's a moment where your reality falls apart and you have to reconstruct it. You have to step back and ask what the image is and what it means," much like what happened to our understanding of painting when the photo was first introduced.

"I think photography is just re-starting," said Coelho. "There's a whole new kind of photography emerging now. A lot of it is happening because of this combination between computers and cameras, and story telling and narratives can emerge as a result."

Creating Sand Castles With A Single Grain Of Sand



Cancer Cure? Lotion Draws Out Tumor Without Bleeding

Cancer Cure? Lotion Draws Out Tumor Without Bleeding

Linda came across a strange, sweet-smelling black salve said to cure cancer. An acquaintance had obtained it from an elderly woman whose family had placed her in professional care before she could try the substance to treat her cancer.

With a long-time interest in herbal medicine, Linda (last name withheld) gave it a try.

The salve only targets unhealthy cells, so it seeps in through the skin and pulls to the surface only the cancerous cells. Linda had pain in her neck, but not a cancerous tumor, so the salve only pulled out what Linda described as a mold-like substance which she believes to be toxins. Her dog, however, did have a cancerous tumor and the salve dissolved the flesh around the tumor over the course of nine days (See photos in carousel above or below the article).

The tumor came out with minimal impact on the dog. The wound barely bled and it healed well in a matter of days.

“The product does dissolve the skin and the tumor or cancer does pop right out,” Linda said. “It gets very, very sensitive to the touch. It is uncomfortable to use, because you just kind of get all run down with it.”

Instructions that came with the salve describe it as being “like surgery without the cutting,” and warn users not to engage in strenuous activity during the treatment. The instructions state “It is not unusual for large tumors to leave large holes, some exposing views of muscle tissue or bone. However, this too is normal, the hole is in the place of the cancer and the hole will fill in with flesh.”

When the family discovered that their dog, Fritz, had cancer and it would cost a lot of money to treat it, they considered this miracle salve.

Linda’s daughter, Kathy, and two friends sat with the salve in hand looking at Fritz. “We were sitting around wondering if we should do it or not,” recalled Ben Chasteen, Epoch Times staff member and one of the two friends with Kathy.

They knew Linda had used it, but they nonetheless felt nervous applying it to Fritz.

The black salve comes with another jar of a yellow salve, both of which Linda gave to Epoch Times. The black salve smells sweet, like chocolate. It has the texture of a sort of fruit paste—like mashed up figs—with what looks like little seeds in it. The yellow salve is smooth and has a menthol-like smell similar to vaporub.

They applied the black stuff to the dog’s skin where the tumor was. In the following days, a wound opened up around the tumor, without the bleeding one would expect. Fritz was a bit weak and tired, but he didn’t seem to be in a lot of pain. The family had to cover the area well so he couldn’t pick at it or scratch at it.

“It looked like something was opening it up from inside,” Chasteen said. The skin around the rim curled in. The tumor came out, and the wound quickly healed.

After a couple of months of recovery, the patient is supposed to try the salve again and to repeat treatments until the salve no longer has any effect. The first treatment may not get all the cancer, the instructions state. When all the cancer is truly gone, the salve will no longer have the same effect, since it targets only the unhealthy cells.

Fritz was euthanize after all, but it may have been that the one treatment was not enough to get all of the cancer. A video that comes with the treatment shows its use on a woman’s breast, and as with Fritz, the tumor came out after a couple of weeks.

What Is This Stuff and What Do Medical Professionals Say About It?

The American Cancer Society describes these salves: “The use of cancer salves to cure disease dates back centuries, perhaps even to ancient Egypt. The use of salves to treat cancer became fairly common in the 18th and 19th centuries. One 18th century English cancer surgeon, Dr. Richard Guy, used a black salve to treat dozens of cancer patients, particularly those with breast cancer. His claims of a high success rate were never verified. A later physician, Dr. Eli G. Jones, claimed he had miraculous results curing cancer patients using a salve made of figwort syrup. Many home-grown salve recipes have been handed down through families for generations. More recently, salves have been sold by phone and mail order, and over the Internet.”

The salves are not Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved. Uncontrolled trials have been conducted, though no trials considered rigorous enough to be published in medical literature.

Natural News suggests the reason these salves haven’t been taken seriously or tested much is because the medical industry would lose money on cancer treatments: “Most medical authorities who have heard of Indian black salve reject it as any type of medical treatment because it is made from all-natural herbs that are not patented or owned by corporations, which automatically means they ‘do not work’ in the eyes of the medical-industrial complex (even though they actually do work).”

A key ingredient in these salves is Dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO). The FDA includes “black salve” in its list of “Fake Cancer ‘Cures’ Consumers Should Avoid.”

The salve instructions warn that if misused, it can be dangerous: “It is like a loaded gun, handle it properly.”

“This natural product can be misused,” the instructions read. “For this reason, it has been considered highly controversial by some who do not understand it or have not used it.”

Cancer Cure? Lotion Draws Out Tumor Without Bleeding
Cancer Cure? Lotion Draws Out Tumor Without Bleeding
Cancer Cure? Lotion Draws Out Tumor Without Bleeding
Cancer Cure? Lotion Draws Out Tumor Without Bleeding



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