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Removing A 19 Centimeters Long Worm From Mans Eye [VIDEO]

Removing A 19 Centimeters Long Worm From Mans Eye

Warning: This video is about as bad as it sounds. Watch with caution if you’re squeamish or if you ever plan on eating again.

Loiasis is a condition caused by nematode worms. It is transferred through a deerfly vector and is most likely to occur during the rainy season in the rain forests of West and Central Africa. When the larvae of these roundworms are introduced to the bloodstream, they take a few months to develop into adulthood and can migrate into the eye.

Removing A 19 Centimeters Long Worm From Mans Eye

If a worm gets to the eye, pain, light sensitivity, and itching typically occur. Even in the rest of the body, these worms can cause itching, pain, and fatigue. Sometimes the adult worms can be seen under the skin. If the worm infection is not treated, it can cause damage to the kidneys, lungs, lymph glands, and heart.

Due to the rural location where most of these infections occur, treatment can be tricky. Two medications are available: one just kills the adult worms, while the other kills the adults and the larvae. Unfortunately, the one that also kills the larvae comes with an increased risk of brain inflammation.

Removing A 19 Centimeters Long Worm From Mans Eye

For worms that can be seen just under the skin or in the eye, surgery is the easiest way to get rid of them. Using just a little local anesthetic, the surgeon can extract the worm and bring immediate relief to the area. Yes, they really just numb area and then cut a parasitic roundworm out of the eyeball while the patient is still conscious.



Bathing In The Sunset Of An ‘Earth-Like’ Alien World

Bathing In The Sunset Of An ‘Earth-Like’ Alien World
One of the most important things we can do in the wake of discovering an exoplanet with characteristics similar to that of Earth is to visualize what that world may look like up-close. Often scientists and artists need to use a little artistic license to achieve this feat, but if the visualization is based on real data, the result can be eerily beautiful.

In the above rendering, scientists at the Planetary Habitability Laboratory (PHL) at the University of Puerto Rico at Arecibo have rendered a very familiar scene here on Earth but used real data from the recently identified “habitable” exoplanet Kepler-186f.

As described by Abel Mendez Torres, planetary scientist and PHL director, Kepler-186f orbits an M-dwarf, a star that is smaller and cooler than our sun. As a result, the habitable zone — the region surrounding a star where the temperature is “just right” for liquid water to persist on a planetary surface — is much closer to the star than our sun’s habitable zone.

In fact, Kepler-186f receives only 32 percent of the stellar flux (i.e. sunlight) that we receive on Earth. As a comparison, Mars receives 43 percent of the stellar flux that Earth receives. This means Kepler-186f will be dimmer than Mars. As we all know, Mars is a freezing place with little atmosphere, but if Kepler-186f has a thicker atmosphere than Earth, then perhaps it can incubate liquid water on its surface.

This “Earth-like”* world is 10 percent larger than Earth, so depending on its mass Kepler-186f could indeed support an atmosphere that is many times the density of Mars’ (and indeed Earth’s) modern day atmosphere.

A Very Different Sun
Barclay says there’s one major characteristic Kepler-186f doesn’t share with Earth. In Kepler-186′s size and orbital distance, he says, “we have two things that we would need to call it an Earth twin,” but a true twin, Barclay says, would orbit a Sun-like star. Kepler-186f orbits an M-dwarf, a class of star cooler and dimmer than our own. If you want to get technical, Barclay says, Kepler-186f “isn’t so much an Earth-twin as it is an Earth cousin.”  

With this in mind, the sunsets on Kepler-186f could be breathtaking. As the planet orbits its star in a very compact orbit (completing one “year” in 130 Earth days) and the M-dwarf generates less energy than our sun, the planet’s star Kepler-186 will appear bigger in the evening sky. Starlight will already be shifted toward the red end of the visual light spectrum and, depending on atmospheric composition, would produce a blood-red sunset.

Bathing In The Sunset Of An ‘Earth-Like’ Alien World

It’s worth keeping in mind that many assumptions are made in this rendering; we don’t know if Kepler-186f even has an atmosphere, let alone if it can support liquid water oceans (or even if water exists on its surface). But should the conditions be right, this could be the first bona fide“Earth-like” exoplanet, a world that will no doubt be the focus of extensive follow-up studies in the hope of revealing more of its planetary characteristics.

*Note: “Earth-like” is a misnomer. Although Kepler-186f is of the approximate size of Earth and is located within its star’s habitable zone, nothing is so far known about it’s atmospheric composition (if it even has an atmosphere), whether or not it’s even a rocky world (although scientists are fairly positive that it is), or if it even hosts water. This world is just as likely a frozen and barren planet like Mars or a hellish pressure cooker planet like Venus.


Video: Surgeons Carry Out Britain’s First Hand Transplant

Mark Cahill expressed delight at his “brand new hand” saying it would enable him to cut up his own food once more, dress himself, and play properly with his grandson.

The 51-year-old, a former publican, was left with a functionless right hand as a result of gout and a subsequent infection. For five years it had been totally rigid.

Video: Surgeons Carry Out Britain’s First Hand Transplant

But on December 27 a specialist team at Leeds General Infirmary amputated it, replacing it with the donor hand during an eight-hour operation.

The procedure involved mapping all the nerves, blood vessels and tendons on both hands to ensure the best possible result.

Although this hand transplant is not a world first - that happened in France in 1998 - it is the first time surgeons anywhere have carried out a hand amputation simultaneously.

Mr Cahill can already move his new fingers and is progressing better than expected.

The new limb was a surprise for the patient, from Halifax, who only signed up to the hospital’s unique hand transplant programme in October.

On Boxing Day he received the call that he was the best match for a donor hand that had become available. Within 24 hours he was under the knife.

Speaking last night, Mr Cahill said: “The operation has changed my life.

“Before the op, I couldn't tie my own shoes, do up the buttons on my shirt, cut up my own dinner or play with my grandson's toys with him - hopefully I'll be able to do all these things now."

He added: “When I got the call on Boxing Day to say there was a donor I was gobsmacked.

"I really expected quite a wait, and it was a bit of a 'gulp' moment. My wife Sylvia and I were meant to be going on holiday to Goa this week, but this is obviously a much better turn-out.”

Video: Surgeons Carry Out Britain’s First Hand Transplant
"It didn't feel real until I woke up after the op,” he confessed. “It felt like a dream, even when I was going into theatre.”

He was, however, realistic about how the hand would look. At present bandaged to aid the healing process, he admitted it did look different to the original - something that is hardly surprising but can be overlooked.

“It's how I expected it to look, because I've done a lot of research about hand transplants,” he said.

"But you can do all the research you want but you don't know how you're going to feel.

“I've had a lot of help from psychologists because the biggest thing is afterwards, whether I would accept it as mine.”

Save the medical difficulties of the operation, this has been one of the surgeons’ biggest worries.

The recipient of the world’s first such transplant, a New Zealander called Clint Hallam, had it amputated in 2001, saying it felt like “a dead man’s hand”. Doctors said Hallam, an ex-convict, had failed to take proper care of it.

But Mr Cahill was last night talking as if the hand was truly his: "It feels great to look at this hand I haven't seen move for five years and see it move.

“I would say to other people [considering hand transplantation]: absolutely, go for it.”

He described how he had been convinced by Professor Simon Kay, the consultant plastic surgeon who led the operation, to sign up as a potential hand transplant recipient.

“I went to Professor Kay at first thinking he may be able to do something to repair my hand and I've come out with a brand new one,” he said.

The operation marks the end of a decade-long quest for the specialist hand surgeon, who has led the effort to bring hand transplantation to Britain.

He helped set up a multi-disciplinary team containing surgeons, immunologists, dermatologists, psychologists and rehabilitation experts.

For over a year they have been actively recruiting potential recipients and awaiting the moment that a suitable donor hand would become available, resulting, of course, from the tragic death of the anonymous donor.

Prof Kay described the operation as “extremely complex”. He said: “We had two operating teams side by side, with one taking off the rigid hand bit-by-bit while the other marked the donor hand for attachment.”

Nerves, blood vessels and tendons were marked on each hand to ensure the best possible fit.

The donor hand was then attached just below the wrist: firstly the bones, then some tendons, and then the blood vessels. After circulation was restored, the remaining tendons were connected and the nerves repaired.

Video: Surgeons Carry Out Britain’s First Hand Transplant
A skin graft was not necessary because there was enough skin remaining for produce a flap to cover the join, he said.

Prof Kay said early signs were encouraging, but held a note of caution.

“We are through the first week and I’m cautiously optimistic,” he said. “But we are not out of the woods yet, and we could still lose it. We are going to be very vigilant for a long time before we are happy.”

Prof Kay also paid tribute to his colleagues - emphasising it was a team effort - as well as the donor’s family.

He said: “I felt very anxious but I'm incredibly proud of the team - everyone from the surgical team to the psychologists who supported Mark.

"We couldn't have done this without a hospital with the expertise the Leeds General Infirmary has.

"And of course we should thank the donor - you can't imagine anything more tragic than a family member dying unexpectedly at Christmas.

"We should pay tribute to the family that donated so that some positive came about."


Beezin: Teen’s Get New Buzz From Applying Burt’s Bees Lip Balm on Their Eyelids

Beezin: Teen’s Get New Buzz From Applying Burt’s Bees Lip Balm on Their Eyelids

Smearing lip balm on your eyelids may seem an odd way to spend your weekend. Dr. Robert Cykiert would even tell you it’s a really stupid way to spend your weekend.

“It’s a foolish thing to do, but college kids sometimes do strange things,” he said. “Yeah, of course it’s dangerous. It includes all kinds of ingredients that could potentially get in the eye and cause some burning and irritation.”

A quick search on YouTube and Twitter shows "Beezin" is picking up steam.

It involves people applying a light layer of Burt's Bees natural lip balm wax on their eyelids.

Those who are into "Beezin" say it adds to experience of being drunk or high.

Others say it helps to keep them alert.

So what's exactly causes that tingling sensation in Burt's Beeswax?

Beezin: Teen’s Get New Buzz From Applying Burt’s Bees Lip Balm on Their Eyelids

Dr. Brett Cauthen at Today Clinic looked over the ingredients and offered us a quick explanation.

"It's the peppermint oil that's causing the burning sensation and I suppose some people think that is kind of funny," says Dr. Cauthen.

Also keep in mind we are talking about your eyes, one of the most sensitive parts of your body so "Beezin" may cause pink eye-like symptoms.


"The peppermint oil in the lip balm is a very strong irritant and can cause inflammation in the eye redness of the eye swelling,"says Dr. Cauthen.

And Burt's Bees products are suppose to be 100 percent natural. Which might be why the trend seems fairly harmless but Dr. Cauthen warns using any product other than what's intended for is risky.

"Our big message is natural does not equate with safety," says Dr. Cauthen.



This is What Americans Will Look like by 2050

This is What Americans Will Look like by 2050

With the increasing trend of interracial partnerships, it’s much more common for an individual to belong to a variety of ethnic backgrounds. As PolicyMic bluntly summarized, “in a matter of years we’ll have Tindered, OKCupid-ed and otherwise sexed ourselves into one giant amalgamated mega-race.” They’re absolutely right. But what will that look like?

To answer this question, National Geographic built its 125th anniversary issue around this theme… and what they came up with is beautiful.

Renowned photographer and portrait artist, Martin Schoeller, was commissioned to capture the lovely faces of our nation’s multicultural future. This is what the average American will look like by 2050:

This is What Americans Will Look like by 2050

And like this:

This is What Americans Will Look like by 2050

 And this:

This is What Americans Will Look like by 2050

What’s most entrancing is that none of these photographs are photo-shopped projections, but real people. That means America’s next generation will be a mix of “Blackanese,” “Filatino,” “Chicanese,” and “Korgentinian”.

The numbers of these mixes will only grow. It was in 2000 that the U.S. Census Bureau let respondents check more than one race for the first time, and 6.8 million people did so. By 2010, that figure had increased to nearly 9 million – a spike of 32%.

What does this mean for the future in terms of racism? Such mixture is encouraging, but there are definitely flaws with tracking racial population growth through a survey that encourages people to self-identify. This is especially so since so many familial, cultural, and even geographical factors influence one’s decision to claim multiple races.

Race has no definition, no basis in biology, yet its constructions, functions, and mythologies irrevocably shape the world as we know it. Policy Mic further contemplates this – musing on how the trend for interracial marriages continues to grow, and in effect, how racial discrimination may optimistically dissolve in the future.
Regardless of its implications, such change should be celebrated. Intermixing is a symbol of rapidly changing America, and perhaps by 2050 we’ll witness a country united by its diversity, unique interests, and melded backgrounds.


Pentagon-Funded Team Developing High-Powered Laser To Trigger Lightning And Rain

Pentagon-Funded Team Developing High-Powered Laser To Trigger Lightning And Rain

Researchers are working to develop a technique to trigger rain or lightning with high-energy laser beams.

Stimulating static-charged particles in clouds with the right kind of laser could summon rain or lightning, scientists believe, but lasers cannot reliably be fired great enough distances for this to be practical.

A team of scientists from the University of Central Florida and the University of Arizona think that lasers could be fired at greater distances if a secondary beam is used as an energy reservoir to prevent the breakdown of the high-intensity primary beam.

Pentagon-Funded Team Developing High-Powered Laser To Trigger Lightning And Rain

They recently published a report, “Externally refueled optical filaments,” on their project inNature Photonics.

Although lasers can travel great distances, they tend to collapse inward on themselves when a beam becomes too intense.

European researchers produced artificial ice clouds last year using high-power, ultrashort laser pulses focusing on cirrus clouds in the upper troposphere, where weather occurs.

But lightning strikes have not thus far been triggered by lasers because high-intensity beams are dispersed as plasma when electrons in the air’s oxygen and nitrogen are excited by the beams.

“What would be nice is to have a sneaky way which allows us to produce an arbitrary long ‘filament extension cable,’” said Matthew Mills, a graduate student in the Center for Research and Education in Optics and Lasers.

Pentagon-Funded Team Developing High-Powered Laser To Trigger Lightning And Rain

He said that wrapping a large, low-intensity beam around the stronger beam like a doughnut could provide this arbitrary extension.

Mills and another graduate student, Ali Miri, have been able to extend the pulse from 10 inches to about 7 feet, and they’re working to extend their laser pulses even further.

“This work could ultimately lead to ultra-long optically induced filaments or plasma channels that are otherwise impossible to establish under normal conditions,” said professor Demetrios Christodoulides, who is working with the students on the project.

In theory, he said, this principle could extend lasers for about 165 feet.

Development of this technology was supported by a $7.5 million grant from the Department of Defense.

The researchers say their technique could be used in long-distance sensors to divert lightning strikes away from buildings or in spectrometers that can identify chemical makeup.



How To Make A $454 Homemade Air Conditioner For About $15 [VIDEO]

How To Make A $454 Homemade Air Conditioner For About $15

If you’ve ever had your power go out on one of those hot summer days you know just how important keeping cool can be. Seems every year people die due to heat. Keeping your home cool in the summer can be very expensive if you use your air conditioner. This air conditioner is very simple to make, and can be made in a few minutes if your are handy.

How To Make A $454 Homemade Air Conditioner For About $15

Even if you are not handy you’ll be able to make one of these DIY air conditioners. One of the nice things about this air conditioner is that it will give you up to 6 hours of coolness. This thing works so well you may need to put on a sweatshirt! To make one of these babies you need a few simple tools, a couple of 5 gallon buckets, along with a few other items.

 Everything is shown in the video:


What Does The Way You Sleep Say About Your Relationship?

What Does The Way You Sleep Say About Your Relationship?

The closeness of a couple and how happy they are in their relationship is reflected in the distance between them as they sleep, a new study has claimed.

Partners who slept less than an inch apart were more likely to be content with their relationship than those maintaining a gap of more than 30 inches between them.

Couples who spent the night touching were also happier than partners who upheld a “no touching rule” while asleep, according to the survey which looked at the responses of 1,000 people.

The study found the overwhelming majority (86 per cent) of couples who slept less than an inch away from each other claimed to be happy with their relationship compared with two-thirds (66 per cent) who slept more than 30 inches apart.

What Does The Way You Sleep Say About Your Relationship?

It also revealed the most popular positions, with almost half (42 per cent) lying back to back, and nearly a third (31 per cent) facing the same direction. Four per cent face one another.

Twelve per cent of couples spent the night less than an inch apart while just 2 per cent slept more than 30 inches apart.

University of Hertfordshire psychologist Professor Richard Wiseman, who led the study, said: "One of the most important differences involved touching. Ninety four per cent of couples who spent the night in contact with one another were happy with their relationship, compared to just 68 per cent of those that didn't touch.

The study was conducted as part of the Edinburgh International Science Festival. Prof Wiseman is the author of Night School, which examines the science of sleep and dreaming.



What Does The Way You Sleep Say About Your Relationship?

The most popular sleeping positions

1. Liberty: Back to back but not touching

This couple feels connected but they are independent enough to sleep separately. They know each other's sleeping habits and accept them

2. Cherish: Back to back but touching

This position is popular in a new relationship as it shows the couple are comfortable, intimate and relaxed with each other

3. Spoons: Typically with the female on the inside

A traditional position in which the male takes the lead and protects his partner
4. Lovers' Knot: Face to face with legs intertwined for 10 minutes, then couple separate to sleep

This position demonstrates a loving independence, and is a sign of intimacy, love and sexual activity
5. Romantic: Man lying on back with woman's head and arm on his chest

This is the popular Hollywood movie scene position, suggesting the couple is in a new relationship

6. Pillow talk: Face to face but not touching

This position represents an intimate need for one-to-one contact and conversation in bed

Source: Travelodge

Hungry Snake Picked The Wrong Dinner

Hungry Snake Picked The Wrong Dinner

Researchers on Golem Grad Island, Macedonia, stumbled upon a rather intriguing and wholly disgusting find whilst looking for snakes - a dead young viper with the head of a huge centipede protruding through its body. What a way to go! The report has been briefly described in the journal Ecologica Montenegrina.

Nose-horned vipers (Vipera ammodytes) are venomous snakes found in southern Europe, the Balkans and certain parts of the Middle East. They can grow up to 95 centimeters and possess a characteristic “horn” on the snout, hence the name. They’re also considered to be the most dangerous European viper because their venom is highly toxic, but they’re a pretty docile species that tend to only bite when provoked.

Adult nose-horned vipers usually feed on lizards, smaller snakes and rabbits on Golem Grad, whilst the juveniles eat lizards and a particular species of centipede, the Megarian banded centipede (Scolopendra cingulata). It is not uncommon for snakes to consume potentially dangerous prey, and there have been numerous reports of death due to them “biting off more than they can chew”. Although, as mentioned, these vipers are known to eat this particular species of centipede, it seems that this cocky snake may have underestimated his dinner this time.

Hungry Snake Picked The Wrong Dinner

S. cingulata can be pretty savage killers themselves; they’re opportunistic carnivores and will eat almost anything that’s not larger than themselves. The authors of the paper note that it’s exceedingly difficult to kill a full-grown Scolopendra. Some people even keep these creepy crawlies as pets. Each to their own I suppose.

The team measured the viper and the centipede; the centipede was found to be 84% of the viper’s trunk length, 112% of its body width and 114% of its body weight. This isn’t hugely impressive compared to the size of animals that snakes have been found to consume previously. But what is interesting/disgusting is that upon dissection, the snake was missing all of its visceral organs- the centipede was occupying the entire volume of the snake’s body. They think it’s possible that the snake swallowed the centipede alive, but the centipede ate its way through the snake in an attempt of freedom, bursting its way through the snake’s abdomen (I am going to have nightmares now…). But unfortunately the poor little guy didn’t make it and died inside the snake with his head poking out. So close… Yet so far…

Hungry Snake Picked The Wrong Dinner

If you're scarred for life from reading this, have some emergency comedy of a rare bird humping a photographer's head.


Futurist's Mind-Blowing Technology Will Take Over the Planet [VIDEO]

Futurist's Mind-Blowing Technology Will Take Over the Planet

A future where everyone is walking around outfitted with the equivalent of Google Glass and other “immersive technologies” (as in, “blurring the line between physical reality and the digital/simulated world”).

A future where your trashcan is wired with sensors to “talk” to your refrigerator about what you just threw away (and therefore whoever is monitoring the data also knows what you threw away, how much you throw away, if what you had was legal to have by whatever ridiculous laws are in place at the time, and whether or not you could have/should have recycled it instead, so you will be fined appropriately).

Futurist's Mind-Blowing Technology Will Take Over the Planet

A future where someone somewhere knows how much electricity, water and resources you are using (and therefore whether you will need to be limited or charged more in carbon taxes).

A future where every single last thing you buy — ever — will be kept on an interactive, “smart” record because cash will no longer exist.

A future that the video says, “will tell us what we need and when we need it”… Why will it do that? Because robots will be everywhere, they’ll be smarter than us, and we’ll be tracked and traced at our every single step. In fact, that song by the Police will become the new anthem of the human race. Sing along with me! “Every breath you take…every move you make…



This Is What Snake Venom Does To Your Blood [VIDEO]

This Is What Snake Venom Does To Your Blood

We all know snake venom is dangerous, but seeing the toxin in action is another matter. Now, thanks to YouTube user fragrancemad, the world can see just what happens to human blood in the process—and it’s not pretty.

“I was doing some research for Cobra parfum by Jeannes Arthes and came across this video about snake venom by mistake – it’s so incredible that I just had to upload it to YouTube,” the user wrote in the video’s info section.

“Basically, a single drop of this venom (from a Russell’s viper) is dripped onto a petri dish of blood, and in seconds the blood clots into a thick chunk of solid matter.”


Dr. Terence M. Davidson, M.D., of the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine, explains on his website exactly what the venom from a Russell’s Viper can do to a human.

“In Sri Lanka, Burma and India it is responsible for the majority of snakebite incidents. It is a very dangerous snake. Large members of some species can easily deliver a lethal dose in humans. Victims will usually complain of pain at the bite site, and swelling may be evident.”

Besides bleeding disorders, he noted, symptoms can include acute kidney failure, swelling eyelids, difficulty speaking and general weakness.

This Is What Snake Venom Does To Your Blood

It may sound scary, but snake venom can be very useful to humans. In a study published last year in the Journal Of Biological Chemistry researchers noted important medical uses of the sinister stuff.

“Snake venom contains a vast number of toxins that target proteins in platelets,” Yonchol Shin, an associate professor at Kogakuin University who specializes in snake toxins told ScienceDaily. “Some of those toxins prevent platelets from clotting, which can lead to profuse bleeding in snake bite victims. Others, like the one we’ve focused this research on, potently activate platelets, which results in blood clots. Identification of the molecular targets of many of these toxins has made an enormous contribution to our understanding of platelet activation and related diseases.”



Lab-Grown Vaginas Implanted In 4 Teenagers Functioning Normally

Lab-Grown Vaginas Implanted In 4 Teenagers Functioning Normally

Lab-grown vaginas implanted in four teenagers five to eight years ago is working fine in each of them. Patients had to undergo surgery because they were born with a rare genetic condition in which the vagina and uterus were underdeveloped or absent.

Patients have reported normal functions and are now sexually active.

Although this is a small pilot study, the results show that vaginal organs can be constructed in the lab and used successfully in people, said study researcher Dr. Anthony Atala, director of Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center's Institute for Regenerative Medicine, according to Scientific American

Lab-Grown Vaginas Implanted In 4 Teenagers Functioning Normally

"A lot of what we are doing right now is really applicable to patients who have deformity or abnormal organs for many other conditions - of course, the most prominent being cancer - [and] also patients who may have an injury in the area," Atala said.

Each patient who underwent the surgery had a congenital deformation called Mayer-Rokitansky-K├╝ster-Hauser (MRKH) syndrome, which affects between one in 1,500 and one in 4,000 female infants.

For building up the personalized vaginas, researchers took a small piece of vulvar tissue from each patient and allowed them to multiply in the lab dishes.

"We were able to shape the scaffold specifically for each patient, and place this device with the cells in a bioreactor - which is an ovenlike device and has the same conditions as the human body - for about a week, until it was slightly more mature," Atala said.

Lab-Grown Vaginas Implanted In 4 Teenagers Functioning Normally

Once the organ was ready to be implanted, doctors surgically created a cavity in the patients' bodies and stitched one side of the vaginal organ to the opening of the cavity and the other side to the uterus.

"The whole process takes about five to six weeks, from the time we take the tissue from the patient to the time we actually plant the engineered construct back into the patient," Atala said.

Researchers added that risks of complications were higher with these techniques as the tissue substitute is not vaginal tissue.

The study has been published in the journal Lancet.



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