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15 Creepy Things Babysitters Have Heard From Kids


15 Creepy Things Babysitters Have Heard from Kids











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The Life Saving Animal Blood Worth $60,000 Per Gallon and the Truth About the Colour of Spider Blood


When it comes to spiders, people generally know two facts about them- that you swallow around eight of them per year and that their blood is bright blue. Fortunately, the former is absolutely not true at all, the latter, on the other hand, is mostly correct.

While it’s certainly true that spiders have blue liquid in their veins, the reality is a bit more grounded than is sometimes depicted, with the fluid a much more reserved shade of blue-ish green. Also, thanks to fact that spiders are (generally) so tiny and contain very little liquid, you’re not going to see too much of this after smashing one.

It should also be noted that, unlike humans, spiders have what is known as an “open circulatory system.” Essentially, their blood is allowed to mix with all the interstitial fluids within their bodies. The scientific term for this mixture is hemolymph, which is a combination of the Greek word for blood (HaĆ®ma) and the Latin word for water (Lymph) and it’s defined as: “The circulating fluid in many invertebrates that is functionally similar to the blood and lymph of vertebrates”



So what in this mixture is causing the fluid in the spiders to turn blue? Well, as you may recall, human and indeed all mammal blood is red because of the presence of the protein haemoglobin. The reason haemoglobin makes blood red instead of say, green is because of the presence of iron as an oxygen carrying pigment. (And to quickly debunk another popular blue-blood myth: No- deoxygenated human blood does not turn blue. It turns dark red. On a related note, the red juice you see in red meat at the grocery store is not blood.)

Spiders and other arthropods don’t have haemoglobin in their bodies, rather they have a protein known as haemocyanin, which contains copper instead of iron. However, haemocyanin isn’t bound to any cells in the creature’s body like haemoglobin is, instead it just grooves around their circulatory system at its leisure. When an oxygen atom binds itself to haemocyanin, instead of turning a deep shade of red, it will instead turn a pale blue-ish green, as copper is wont to do when it oxidises. The result in spiders is less than impressive because their bodies contain so little hemolymph to start with; in larger arthropods though, this effect can be quite stunning.

For example, the blood of the horseshoe crab is a delicate shade of baby blue thanks to the presence of haemocyanin, as is the blood of lobsters, crayfish and most mollusks like slugs and snails.

The Life Saving Animal Blood Worth $60,000 Per Gallon and the Truth About the Colour of Spider Blood

But what’s even more fascinating (and unique) about horseshoe crab blood is a chemical found in the amoebocytes of its blood. When this is exposed to a potentially dangerous foreign bacterium, it will immediately coagulate around the threat, rendering it harmless without actually destroying it. This effect is near instant and the blood can be used to detect a potential threat even if it’s diluted as much as one part in a trillion!

This effect is amazingly useful for detecting bacterial contamination in things like medicines and vaccines, or on medical equipment like needles, pacemakers, and numerous other items that are required to be sterile. In fact, no drug on the market today can be certified by the FDA unless it has been tested using this exact method (known as the Limulus amebocyte lysate test, in homage to the species of the crab- Limulus polyphemus). It’s by far the best way scientists are aware of for detecting whether a batch of medicine or vaccine has been compromised or not. As such, the blood of these crabs is worth a small fortune, selling for around $60,000 per gallon.

If you’re wondering how this blood is harvested, the crabs (over a half a million per year) are carefully picked up when they visit the shore for breeding purposes and taken in cooled trucks to certified labs where around 30% of their blood is drained, after which they’re returned to the sea. The blood cells are then separated using centrifugation. Next, the isolated cells are placed in distilled water where they will eventually burst (see Why Salt Preserves Meat for why this happens), releasing the valuable chemical inside. After being purified, it is then freeze-dried and stored to be used for testing.

The Life Saving Animal Blood Worth $60,000 Per Gallon and the Truth About the Colour of Spider Blood

Approximately 85%-97% of the crabs harvested for this purpose survive and go on their merry way after, with the crab’s blood levels returning to normal in under a week.

Even with the relatively good survival rates, all of this may sound harsh. But there is one type of animal besides humans that, at the least, is glad this property of horseshoe crab blood was discovered in 1956 by Dr. Frederik Bang- namely, the rabbit. Before the horseshoe crab blood method (LAL) of detecting microbial contaminants, a much less accurate and time consuming system involving testing on live rabbits was used. (In this rabbit pyrogen test, the rabbits were injected with a sample of the substance to be tested.)

So to sum up, if you’re not too technical in your definition of “blood”, spiders do have slightly blue fluid coursing through their bodies. Also, horseshoe crab blood may someday save your life, if it hasn’t already.

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Eight Things You Didn’t Know You Could Do With Human Sperm

Eight Things You Didn’t Know You Could Do With Human Sperm

Sperm are single-purposed: They're optimized to get to an egg and inseminate it. But that doesn't mean there isn't more to this cell than meets the ovum. Sperm, along with its travelling companion, semen, are surprisingly versatile and adaptable substances. Here are eight unconventional things you can do with human sperm.
1. Skin softener
Sperm contains an anti-oxidant called spermine that is thought to diminish wrinkles, smooth the skin, and help with acne. Looking to take advantage of these much sought after attributes, a Norwegian company called Bioforskning (you can't make this stuff up) has synthesized the compound and is selling it as a facial cream. These, uh, spermine facials cost $250 and can be ordered through Townhouse Spa, or for $125 Graceful Services.
Eight Things You Didn’t Know You Could Do With Human Sperm

2. Cooking
Those looking to take their culinary skills to the next level should check out a book by Fotie Photenhauer called Natural Harvest, a collection of semen-based recipes. The book description:
Semen is not only nutritious, but it also has a wonderful texture and amazing cooking properties. Like fine wine and cheeses, the taste of semen is complex and dynamic. Semen is inexpensive to produce and is commonly available in many, if not most, homes and restaurants. Despite all of these positive qualities, semen remains neglected as a food.
This book hopes to change that.
Once you overcome any initial hesitation, you will be surprised to learn how wonderful semen is in the kitchen. Semen is an exciting ingredient that can give every dish you make an interesting twist. If you are a passionate cook and are not afraid to experiment with new ingredients - you will love this cook book!
3. Painting
Artist Martin Von Ostrowski is known for using bodily fluids as his paint mediums (including his infamous portrait of Hitler made from his own excrement). Back in 2008, Von Ostrowski put out an exhibition at the Gay Museum in Berlin in which he featured works painted with his own semen. A single painting requires about 40 ejaculations, which, given the size of the exhibition, suggests that he needed to ejaculate at least 1,000 times. Impressive! Von Ostrowski is able to keep these large quantities of sperm fresh by freezing it.
 4. Invisible ink
Back during World War I, the British Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) discovered thatsemen could act as an effective invisible ink. In June 1915, Walter Kirke, deputy head of military intelligence in France, wrote in his diary that chief Mansfield Cumming (yes), was "making enquiries for invisible inks at the London University." Rumor at the time had it that semen worked particularly well, and follow-up studies showed that it did not react to the usual methods of detection (including iodine vapor). It was also readily available for any intrepid secret service agent willing to make the sacrifice. The practice went into use, but it was noted that on at least one occasion that an agent had to be reminded to use only fresh supplies of the "ink" when people started noticing an unusual smell.
5. An anti-Depressant for women
Another potential application for semen is its use as an anti-depressant. This idea is quite controversial — but there is a modicum of scientific evidence to support it. A study done back in 2002 showed that women who were directly exposed to semen were less depressed. The researchers concluded that this was on account of mood-altering hormones in the semen being absorbed through the vagina — and that they had ruled out other explanations (New Scientistdidn't entirely agree — proposing a number of their own). That said, as Jesse Bering has pointed out, "there's good in this goo":
In fact, semen has a very complicated chemical profile, containing over 50 different compounds (including hormones, neurotransmitters, endorphins and immunosupressants) each with a special function and occurring in different concentrations within the seminal plasma. Perhaps the most striking of these compounds is the bundle of mood-enhancing chemicals in semen...Such anxiolytic chemicals include, but are by no means limited to, cortisol (known to increase affection), estrone (which elevates mood), prolactin (a natural antidepressant), oxytocin (also elevates mood), thyrotropin-releasing hormone (another antidepressant), melatonin (a sleep-inducing agent) and even serotonin (perhaps the most well-known antidepressant neurotransmitter).
6. Ovulation control
A recent study at the University of Saskatchewan has discovered that a protein in semen acts on the female brain to prompt ovulation — and that it's the same molecule that regulates the growth, maintenance, and survival of nerve cells. As a result, it's very possible that semen acts as a hormonal signal, working through the hypothalamus of the female brain and the pituitary gland. This in turn triggers the release of other hormones that signal the ovaries to release an egg.
7. Help with morning sickness

Okay, this is probably the last thing a woman is thinking about when she's suffering through morning sickness, but psychologist Gordon Gallup at SUNY-Albany, a male member of the human species who specializes in human reproductive competition and behavior, is suggesting that oral sex could serve as a kind of cure. Gordon theorizes that expectant women become ill and vomit because their bodies are rejecting the sperm's genetic material as something foreign and unfamiliar. His idea, which was presented at 2012 Northeastern Evolutionary Psychology Society, suggests that women can build up their immunity by ingesting the sperm of the baby's father. Gallup's conclusion is a bit hard to swallow, but there's also a scientific study supporting the idea that oral sex can reduce the incidence of preeclampsia in pregnant women.
 8. Archival storage of information

In what gives new meaning to the term "hard drive", human sperm — a transmitter of DNA — could be used to store information — a lot of information. We recently reported on a breakthrough by Sriram Kosui and his team at Harvard and Johns Hopkins in which he devised a technique for archiving information in DNA. The process, which takes advantage of DNA's data sequencing attributes, could be used to store as much as one petabyte of data (one petabyte = 1,024 terabytes) in a volume of 1.5 mg of DNA. Because genetic information can be packaged in three dimensions, that equates to a storage volume of about one cubic millimeter — so you'll finally have a secure and ironic place to store your massive digital porn collection.

What Your Zodiac Sign Says About Your Drinking Habits

What Your Zodiac Sign Says About Your Drinking Habits

We all know (or should know) that horoscopes are self-fulfilling prophecies and are, overall, a load of crap. However, despite this nonsense, it is always interesting to see if they hold any merit.

Which behaviors do you actually exhibit that are consistent with your zodiac sign? Do you think this is indicative of a truth or just happen to be a coincidence? Think what you want and think what you may.

While I believe this is all a load of bullsh*t, it is always fun to explore what different signs say about an individual. What’s even more entertaining is to see how members of different signs interact with one another in various situations. Which signs get along with others and which do not?

In true Elite Daily form, we are gong to analyze the drunken behaviors behind each astrological sign. Take this lightly, since we all know astrology means sh*t anyway.

Aries:

Known for having an outgoing and friendly demeanor, an intoxicated Aries will bounce from person to person, checking in and making sure everyone else is enjoying themselves as much as the Aries is.

If not, you can count on this person to buy you enough shots until you are on his or her level. If you are ever in a bad mood, this is definitely the person you want to hit up for happy hour.

What Your Zodiac Sign Says About Your Drinking Habits

Taurus:

Said to be one of the more loyal astrological signs, this person will be by your side no matter what. Need a good wingman for the night? This is whom you should be calling.

Be careful though because once a Taurus is blacked out, the stubbornness will be sure to emerge. If they don’t like your game plan for the night, rest assured they will not succumb to this peer pressure, especially when alcohol is involved.

This is also perhaps the worst person to get into a drunken altercation with, as they are temperamental by nature.

Gemini:

This symbol represents twins and is known for its multiple personalities. You know how difficult it is to go out and drink with someone whose demeanor can change at the drop of a hat?

Geminis cannot tolerate indecisive people, so you better know exactly what you are doing that night and who you are seeing. Be careful when you go out with Geminis, as they cannot stand to remain in one place for too long.

You know that one friend who disappears the second they black out? Chances are he or she is a Gemini.

Cancer:

This is the emotional waste case, the person who starts crying in a heap on the floor when something does not go his or her way.

Cancers display an array of emotions in any given situation, which is why drinking with them is not always ideal. One moment they are having the time of their lives and the next they are screaming at the bartender.

What Your Zodiac Sign Says About Your Drinking Habits

Leo:

Get the liquor flowing and a Leo’s mouth will not stop moving. Leos don’t hold back their opinions, regardless if they are offensive.

Everyone knows how chatty people start to get after they’ve thrown multiple shots back. Be careful when trying to put Leos in their place, as their natural role is similar to a lion: a leader.

Virgo:

You can find these perfectionists sipping wine at the end of the bar, solo, after a rough day at the office. These are not your ideal drinking partners, as they tend to keep more to themselves as opposed to a crowd of people. Dive bars? Yeah right.

Virgos are neat freaks and hate less than exceptional establishments. If you are looking for a classy night out on the town, then look no further than your Virgo friend.

Libra:

A Libra is perhaps one of the best people to go out and get hammered with. They are the happy-go-lucky types who always want everyone to have fun.

They are level-headed, which is a great quality to have when getting sh*tfaced. When your two friends get in a fight, you can always count on a Libra to mediate the situation.

Scorpio:

Give a Scorpio a flight of tequila and watch his or her opinions unfold. Scorpios do not hold anything back, which can be both a good and a bad thing.

However, they are the people who will drink with you throughout any given situation. The best part is they tend to hide their emotions, so you never have to worry about your Scorpio friend getting sh*tfaced and crying in the middle of the bar.


Sagittarius:

Be careful when partying with a Sagittarius, as he or she has a sharp tongue by nature. Alcohol and anger do not mix well, so you better watch what you say around these people.

As they drink throughout the night, you will notice how their flirtatious personality quickly emerges. Need a wingman or double date partner? This is who you are going to call.

Capricorn:

Capricorns, or should we say chameleons, are the perfect drinking buddies, as they can acclimate to whichever situation they are thrown into.

This is your carefree friend who just wants to have fun. They don’t care who, what, when or where. They only care how — how they are getting f*cked up.

Aquarius:

Be careful when drinking with an Aquarius because one moment everything can be going great as you take shots at the bar, but the moment you slip up and piss him or her off, sh*t will hit the fan.

People of this sign have quick-changing personalities, which makes getting intoxicated with them an experience all in its own.

Pisces:

A Pisces displays the most extreme of emotions, which makes getting hammered with him or her quite interesting. Be careful of Pisces’ mood swings because that one extra shot can really throw them over the edge.

When trying to go on a spontaneous drinking endeavor, a Pisces would be at the top of your list, as they are the type to go with the flow rather than fight the current.

Jewelry That Harvests Energy From Your Veins

Jewelry That Harvests Energy From Your Veins

Naomi Kizhner, an industrial designer and graduate student from Hadassah College in Jerusalem, has designed jewelry that theoretically extracts energy from the wearers own body. The ‘speculative’ jewelry is embedded into the person's veins and uses their blood to turn small wheels inside the device.


Jewelry That Harvests Energy From Your Veins


Jewelry That Harvests Energy From Your Veins

As Naomi notes, the jewelry is not meant to be a practical energy source, but a discussionpiece “about how far will we go to in order to ‘feed’ our addiction in the world of declining resources.”

The project is called 'Energy Addicts' and consists of three pieces of jewelry: The Blinker, The E-Pulse Conductor, and The Blood Bridge. On her website, she says "The work delves into a world in which there is a significant decline, which forces humanity to seek all the more forcefully for alternative ways of cultivating power. The suggested solution to the dilemma is based on the idea of biological wealth, harvesting energy directly from the body.”

Watch Naomi’s take on the world of energy consumption below. 




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6 Steps to Improving Self-Esteem

6 Steps to Improving Self-Esteem

Self esteem is based on our perceptions. So before introducing ways to boost self esteem and confidence in your life, we must first be able understand what I refer to as the ‘self-concept’.

What is the Self Concept?

Your self-concept is how you view yourself, and the identity through which you perceive the world. It is how you view your strengths, your weaknesses, your passions, the job/career you have, the spouse that you’re with, the goals that you create, your dreams, your daily habits, beliefs, perceived limitations and attitudes. And unless we consistently challenge that self-concept, it will ultimately limit the life that we live.

“The self-image is the key to personality and human behavior. Change the self-image and you change your personality and behavior.” – Maxwell Maltz (author)


In my experience, many people don’t have a clear picture of their self-concept, or a bright picture at that. But we can increase our sense of self-esteem by developing our self-concept, becoming aware and conscious of our self, gradually challenging what we know about ourselves, and learning to use both our strengths and weaknesses to our advantage.

6 Steps to Improving Self-Esteem

The Power of Self Esteem


“Low self-esteem is like driving through life with your hand-break on.” – Maxwell Maltz

Since self esteem is based on our perception, it also affects our perception of what is possible, therefore developing a higher self esteem can direct your life into many directions. Once we are able to perceive that our accomplishments can be unlimited - that we are unlimited - it helps to determine the capacity at which you set your goals.

Changing the world seems next to impossible according to the general consensus. However it’s only the ones who set the bar at changing the world who are capable of such a feat.

We can take small steps toward our goals. Sometimes we may fall shy. If you have not achieved the goals that you have set, be kind to yourself, as long as you’re taking action towards those goals, and creating new ones as the need arises.

“A goal is not always meant to be reached, it often serves simply as something to aim at” – Bruce Lee.

However unless we build our self-esteem and confidence, our ultimate goals are limited by our self-concept and do not reach us toward our full potential – whatever that may be. Goals born of high confidence lead us to action, actions lead us to consistency, which in turn helps us creates confident habits, which help us create the life in which we will live.

6 Steps to Improving Self-Esteem


1. Become Conscious of Our Thoughts and Actions.

The first step is developing an accurate self-concept. Pay attention to your inner dialogue and become more conscious of your thoughts and actions.

2. Determine and Prioritize Your Values

Consider what is truly valuable in your life. Once we determine and prioritize our values, and stick by them consistently, it helps boost our confidence – for making values based decisions, and for being able to trust ourselves to stick with the program that we set for ourselves. If you can’t trust yourself, how can trust anybody else?

3. Write Down Your Goals

By writing down your goals it pushes those to the back of our subconscious helping us actually push towards achieving them. When we are thinking about accomplishing goals we are in more of a positive state of mind further increasing our confidence.

4. Create a Dream Board

Creating a dream board (or other physical representation of your goals) increases your ability to look far and beyond your current situation in life, both consciously and subconsciously, and visualize the achievement of your goals. This naturally increases your motivation and actions as you go after your dreams.

5. Substitute Negative Thoughts with Positive Ones

Our confidence is directly affected by our state of mind. When we realize that we affect our self-concept by putting limits on what we believe we are capable of, we can substitute the negative affirmations in our internal dialogue with positive affirmations, whenever we become conscious of them.

The more we look for the positives in the way we think about ourselves and others, the more our confidence will rise and positive interactions will flow our way.

6. Ditch the Preconceptions

We tend to get in our own ways when we preconceive the outcome of certain situations based on the way we feel. But as Eckhart Tolle said, our perceptions are often focused through the lens of our past. We must understand that each and every moment is a new moment and that there is a 100% of chance of a different outcome in some way shape or form, depending on how we approach the situation.

The way we view ourselves is the key to living the life that we want for ourselves. What we say to ourselves, about ourselves and about the world, is a large factor in where we go in life and the things that we manifest for ourselves.

SOURCE

110 Million Americans Have STDs.

110 Million Americans Have STDs.

While the national media focus on the Ebola outbreak in West Africa and the patient in Dallas, the CDC is reminding Americans that sexually transmitted diseases are an ongoing but hidden epidemic.

In the United States, nearly 20 million cases of new STD infections are reported each year, reports Live Science. Since infections can persist for a long time, and because some victims are not even aware they have a disease and can easily spread it to others.

Based on data from 2008, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the eight most common sexually transmitted diseases are: chlamydia, gonorrhea, hepatitis B virus (HBV), genital herpes, HIV, human papillomavirus (HPV), syphilis and trichomoniasis.

About 50.5 million current infections are in men while 59.5 million are in women, for a total of 110 million Americans with STDs at any given time.

Fifty percent of new infections occur in young people from ages 15-24 and gonorrhea is the most commonly reported STD in that age group.

110 Million Americans Have STDs.

Gonorrhea is the second most commonly reported STD in the United States.

The most commonly reported infection is chlamydia. But since many who are infected don’t show symptoms, the number could be far higher than the 1.4 million in 2012, a rate of 457 cases per 100,000 people.

New infections with HIV and hepatitis B occur in less than 50,000 people each year.

New cases of STDs cost nearly $16 billion a year in direct medical costs, according to the CDC.

SOURCE

10 Things You Learned in School That Aren’t True [VIDEO]

10 Things You Learned in School That Aren’t True

Think Thomas Edison invented the lightbulb or that there were thirteen original colonies? Mental Floss clears up some of these misconceptions in episode 1 of their new series.

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People Can Draw Energy From Each Other – The Same As Plants Do

People Can Draw Energy From Each Other – The Same As Plants Do

A biological research team at Bielefeld University has made a groundbreaking discovery showing that plants can draw an alternative source of energy from other plants.

This finding could also have a major impact on the future of bioenergy eventually providing the evidence to show that people draw energy from others in much the same way.

Members of Professor Dr. Olaf Kruse’s biological research team have confirmed for the first time that a plant, the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, not only engages in photosynthesis, but also has an alternative source of energy: it can draw it from other plants.

People Can Draw Energy From Each Other – The Same As Plants Do

The research findings were released this week in the online journal Nature Communications published by the renowned journal Nature.

Flowers need water and light to grow and people are no different. Our physical bodies are like sponges, soaking up the environment.

“This is exactly why there are certain people who feel uncomfortable in specific group settings where there is a mix of energy and emotions,” said psychologist and energy healer Dr. Olivia Bader-Lee.

Plants engage in the photosynthesis of carbon dioxide, water, and light. In a series of experiments, Professor Dr. Olaf Kruse and his team cultivated the microscopically small green alga species Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and observed that when faced with a shortage of energy, these single-cell plants can draw energy from neighboring vegetable cellulose instead.

The alga secretes enzymes (so-called cellulose enzymes) that ‘digest’ the cellulose, breaking it down into smaller sugar components. These are then transported into the cells and transformed into a source of energy: the alga can continue to grow.

‘This is the first time that such a behavior has been confirmed in a vegetable organism’, says Professor Kruse. ‘That algae can digest cellulose contradicts every previous textbook.

To a certain extent, what we are seeing is plants eating plants’. Currently, the scientists are studying whether this mechanism can also be found in other types of alga. Preliminary findings indicate that this is the case.

“When energy studies become more advanced in the coming years, we will eventually see this translated to human beings as well,” stated Bader-Lee.
“The human organism is very much like a plant, it draws needed energy to feed emotional states and this can essentially energize cells or cause increases in cortisol and catabolize cells depending on the emotional trigger.”

Bader-Lee suggests that the field of bio-energy is now ever evolving and that studies on the plant and animal world will soon translate and demonstrate what energy metaphysicians have known all along — that humans can heal each other simply through energy transfer just as plants do.

“Human can absorb and heal through other humans, animals, and any part of nature. That’s why being around nature is often uplifting and energizing for so many people,” she concluded.
People Can Draw Energy From Each Other – The Same As Plants Do

Here are five energy tools to use to clear your space and prevent energy drains while releasing people’s energy:

Stay centered and grounded. If you are centered within your spiritual self (instead of your analyzer or ego) you will sense right away when something has moved into your space. If you are fully grounded, you can easily release other people’s energy and emotions down your grounding cord with your intention.

Be in a state of non-resistance. What we resists sticks. If you feel uncomfortable around a certain person or in a group, don’t go into resistance as a way to protect yourself as this will only keep foreign energy stuck in your space.

Move into a state of non-resistance by imagining that your body is clear and translucent like clear glass or water. This way, if someone throws some invalidation at you, it will pass right through you.

Own your personal aura space.
We each have an energetic aura surrounding our body. If we don’t own this personal space we are vulnerable to foreign energy entering it. Become aware of your aura boundaries (about an arms length away from your body all the way around, above and below) as a way to own your personal space.

Give yourself an energy cleanse. The color gold has a high vibration which is useful for clearing away foreign energy. Imagine a gold shower nozzle at the top of your aura (a few feet above your head) and turn it on, allowing clear gold energy to flow through your aura and body space and release down your grounding. You will immediately feel cleansed and refreshed.

Call back your energy. When we have our energy in our own space there is less room for other’s energy to enter. But as we focus on other people and projects we sometimes spread our energy around.

Create an image of a clear gold sun several feet above your head and let it be a magnet, attracting all of your energy back into it (and purifying it in the gold energy).

Then bring it down through the top of your aura and into your body space, releasing your energy back into your personal space.

SOURCE

Laboratory-Grown Penises Ready To Be Tested In Humans

Laboratory-Grown Penises Ready To Be Tested In Humans

Scientists at the Wake Forest Institute for Regenerative Medicine could be offering new hope to men with genital abnormalities or injuries in as little as five years, thanks to one of their many tissue engineering endeavors: lab-grown penises.

While that may sound a little far-out, these guys are among the world leaders in regenerative medicine and they’ve achieved some remarkable things in the past. Back in 1999, they became the first in the world to successfully implant a lab-grown organ into humans—a bladder. Since then, they’ve transplanted engineered vaginas into women born with defects or without vaginas entirely, and have started working on growing tissues and organs for more than 30 different areas of the body.

Team leader Anthony Atala began this genital journey back in 1992, but it was not until 2008 that the scientists proved transplanting engineered penises was theoretically possible. Having spent a considerable amount of time working out the best way to engineer these tricky organs, the team managed to grow 12 functioning penises for rabbit subjects. After grafting them on to the recipients, all tried to mate with a female, eight successfully ejaculated, and four produced offspring. While these results were certainly encouraging, gaining approval for human trials is another kettle of fish. However, Atala is confident that it could be granted by the FDA within five years if they can prove the technique is safe.

Laboratory-Grown Penises Ready To Be Tested In Humans

So how do they do it? They first obtain a donor penis and strip all the cells from it with a detergent. The researchers are then left with a collagen scaffold which they then seed with a combination of cultivated smooth muscle and endothelial cells from the recipient. Using the patient’s own cells eliminates the risk ofimmunological rejection that often occurs when transplants are given from another individual. However, because the cells are taken from the male’s genitals, it means that the procedure could not be used for female-to-male sex reassignment surgery.

The team has already engineered six human penises that are ready for transplantation; if approval for trials is granted and they prove to be a success, the researchers hope that they could be used all over the world to help people with a variety of problems. In particular, they envisage them being used in men who have suffered from traumatic injuries, for example those returning from the battlefield. However, they could also be used in individuals withcongenital abnormalities, or children born with a disorder known as ambiguous genitalia. In the majority of instances, boys born with this condition are given a sex-change at birth, which can lead to serious psychological problems throughout life.

Laboratory-Grown Penises Ready To Be Tested In Humans

This technique also offers a vast improvement from existing penis replacement options, which are far from ideal. The procedure involves constructing a penis from thigh or forearm tissue and then inserting a prosthetic inside in order to achieve sexual function. The prosthetic is either a permanently rigid rod that is difficult to conceal, or an inflatable rod that requires a pump.

Although the team is hoping to be able to replace entire penises when they initiate trials, they think that a more realistic goal is to start with partial replacements, for example helping patients with erectile dysfunction.

SOURCE

The Difference Between Life And Death, Illustrated In 90 Seconds

The Difference Between Life And Death, Illustrated In 90 Seconds

The Difference Between Life And Death, Illustrated In 90 Seconds

Source: upworthy.com
Credits: This PSA was created for the Sussex Safer Roads campaign in the U.K.

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Futuristic Condom That Just Covers The Tip

Futuristic Condom That Just Covers The Tip

Futuristic Condom That Just Covers The Tip. Well gentlemen, it’s finally here. The futuristic condom that will allow a much better time in the bedroom. Charlie Powell, a California native, has invented a new kind of condom that he calls the “Galactic Cap.” Instead of covering the whole length of the penis, it is made to only encase the tip. It will still trap all of the semen without dulling the sesation. There is just one problem however, it may not be as good as the traditional condoms for stopping STD’s.

Futuristic Condom That Just Covers The Tip

Powell believes that more people would “wrap it up” if condoms were more pleasurable to use. The Galactic Cap is made up of two parts. A U-shaped polyurethane adhesive film and a reservoir tip that sticks to the adhesive. It can be worn for hours or even days before engaging with your partner. According to Powell you can even bathe in it and urinate with it. (Not sure how that would work!)

Futuristic Condom That Just Covers The Tip

The Galactic Cap has not yet been approved by the FDA. And we must remind you that this is not like a regular condom that covers the length of the penis and may spread sexually transmitted infections such as genital warts, genital herpes, HPV, HIV and syphilis through skin to skin contact. So as tempting as it may be to have this option with Galactic Cap, along its promoted hightened sensations, it may be worth holding off until they can make an option with no chance of transmitting STDs. If that is even possible at all in the future. Good Try Galactic Cap!

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