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This Meal Is Unlike Any You’ve Ever Seen Before…

This Meal Is Unlike Any You’ve Ever Seen Before…

A viral video shot in Japan shows a bullfrog served in a Japanese restaurant still blinking and moving on the plate after being skinned alive and chopped into pieces.

The bullfrog goes through a torturous process before being served on an iced platter as a sashimi with soy sauce and a lemon slice, the Daily Mail reports. The remains of the frog were simmered to make a soup.

The video, which has caused controversy online, shows the animal being stabbed, then beheaded and skinned.

The frog is killed instantly, but it can still be seen twitching and blinking at the camera. While the amphibian appears to still be alive and trying to escape off the plate, its movements are more likely just nerve and muscle contractions.

Since it was posted on to YouTube, the video has received millions of views, with many saying that the process is “cruel” and “torture.” Others claim that any animal killed for meat also suffers, but most people don’t see it on camera.

“I just don’t want you to think this is Japanese food that the Japanese enjoy. It’s not. This is bizarre,” chef Mamie Nishide, from Japanese Cooking Studio in New York, told Fox News.

This Meal Is Unlike Any You’ve Ever Seen Before…

This Meal Is Unlike Any You’ve Ever Seen Before…  
The restaurant, located in Tokyo’s “Memory Lane” in the Shunjuku district, is known for serving dishes that are out of the ordinary, including soft-shelled turtle, pig testicles, snake liquor, grilled salamander, frog’s heart that’s still beating and the live bullfrog sashimi seen in the video below.


What Your Facebook Status Updates Say About Your Personality

What Your Facebook Status Updates Say About Your Personality

Gone are the days in which we turned to physical diaries, burn books or private online forums to unleash a flood of our ecstatic or tormented thoughts. Today, we post these thoughts on social media, most prominently on none other than good old Facebook.

According to a recent University of Pennsylvania study, we take to Facebook to post exactly how we feel, not how we want others to think we feel —at least when you consider the words and emoticons people use to describe themselves on Facebook.

As it turns out, when analyzed across communities over long periods of time, the words we choose can be used to determine a surprising amount about us, from our age and gender down to our personality type. Not only can you tell how someone feels, but who they are.

The study: The team of computer scientists psychologists and statisticians recruited 75,000 people to download a Facebook app called "My Personality," which had them take a personality test and provide their age and gender before monitoring their Facebook status updates. After sifting through the most frequently used phrases, the researchers picked out the words that most often corresponded with a specific location, gender, age group or personality type. Then they turned those words into word clouds.

Introverts vs. extroverts: Introverts, for example, tended to use emoticons to express themselves and often referenced anime, Pokemon and computers in their status updates. Extroverts, on the other hand, overused phrases like "can't wait," "party" and "love you."


What Your Facebook Status Updates Say About Your Personality


What Your Facebook Status Updates Say About Your Personality

While the findings associated with personality types were pretty straightforward, the words that correlated with gender veered a bit more on the disturbing side.

So much for abandoning traditional gender roles: Based solely on their word clouds, the men who participated in the study seem pretty obsessed with proving their societally-determined ideas of masculinity, whereas women posted mostly about shopping and hair. At least at a community level, men are clearly still expected to protect the household and enjoy fighting and war. And women are still assumed to care almost exclusively about personal grooming, housework and the family. Men also used the possessive "my" when referring to their girlfriend or wife way more often than women when they mentioned their husbands or boyfriends.

What Your Facebook Status Updates Say About Your Personality


What Your Facebook Status Updates Say About Your Personality

What can we do with this? The project's creators think their research can be used as a more efficient means of measuring psychological and social well-being, and eventually as a way to help improve people's happiness. Much of that endeavor necessitates a societal shift. The project does an excellent job of pinning down traditional personality types and gender roles and the words people who conform to those norms use to identify themselves.

But what about those who might not adhere to the categories? Lifting a community's entire sense of well-being will likely depend upon increasing the sense of happiness among all of its members. This project is a good start at identifying some of them.

Originally posted at  By Erin Brodwin

Here's How To Eliminate Ants From Your Home Naturally

Here's How To Eliminate Ants From Your Home Naturally

Ants come into our homes in their search for food. Apart from the obvious advice of covering food, clearing up spillages and having garbage bins with lids here are some natural ways of beating their advance without using any harsh chemicals.

Here's How To Eliminate Ants From Your Home Naturally


Mix together an equal amount of powdered sugar (also called icing sugar) and baking soda (formally called sodium bicarbonate). Place small amounts against the walls or in other areas where you would not normally walk but where you would normally see the ants. The ants will be attracted to the sugar and will eat some of it and collect more to take home to feed others, so all of them will get their share.

Powdered sugar is essential , larger grained sugar will not work. This is because the sugar and baking soda powders are similar in size and, once mixed together, the ants cannot separate the two items, so, as they eat the sugar, they will also ingest the baking soda, which they would otherwise avoid.

Once the ants eat the baking soda it will react with the formic acid in their stomachs and cause gas. The bodies of ants are unlike humans and they cannot eliminate gas so it will build up inside and eliminate them.


Classic vinegar is effective in getting rid of ants. Simply spray their entry paths with vinegar and they will be repelled by the strong odor. Include corners, counter tops, sinks and window ledges. Allow the vinegar to dry.

Apple cider vinegar can be mixed in equal measures with water and spray as before. This does not kill them but it will stop them returning.

Adding a few capfuls of vinegar to your floor cleaner on tiled floors also helps in keeping them at bay.
A more fragrant option is to mix vinegar, dish detergent and a few drops of peppermint oil. Usually spraying this once around the affected zones should leave these areas ant free for a season.


Table salt is the one of the best and the cheapest way to get rid of ants. Use ordinary table salt not health boosting Himalayan salt. Simply boil water and add a fairly large amount salt to it, stirring until it is dissolved. Pour into a spray bottle and spray where you usually see the ants.
This also works with cayenne and ground black pepper.


Regular dishwashing detergents are very harmful to ants. The soap components break down in waxy layers of the pests’ exoskeleton, causing dehydration. Mix soap with water and spray it in the entry points.


Lemon juice is the enemy of ants as the acid interferes with their internal tracking capabilities. Either pure lemon juice can be sprayed around the entry points, or mix some fresh lemon juice with water and spray around the affected zones in your kitchen.

There are several household products that repel ants as opposed to killing them. By using these at entry points you will create a repelling barrier that they will not cross. These include :
* cinnamon (both ground and in oil form)
* chili powder
* cayenne pepper
* chalk
* cornmeal
* baby powder
* black pepper
* ground coffee
* food grade diatomaceous earth
* lavender and mint sachets in closets, drawers, pantry, etc. repel ants

By trying one of these, or even a combination your home should be ant free.

If you think others can benefit from this information please help others see it by sharing with one of our social network sharing buttons below. We appreciate your support and hope you join us on Facebook if you want to get more organic health solutions in your newsfeed.


Scientists Turn Cigarette Butts Into Electrical Storage

Scientists Turn Cigarette Butts Into Electrical Storage

The electrical power of the future just might be waiting in ashtrays across the world. Researchers in South Korea discovered that, with a one-step conversion process, cigarette filters turn intogreat supercapacitors. This is great news for anyone who wants new electronics that smell like Bourbon Street at 3 A.M.

Supercapacitors are an electrical storage alternative to batteries. In batteries, energy is stored in chemical reactants, while in supercapacitors, it's stored as an electrical field between materials. Batteries are slow to charge and heavy, but they're also compact and store great amounts of energy, which means they've long held an advantage in consumer products. But supercapacitors work where space constraints matter less: Braking in a car generates a lot of electricity, and in some cars supercapacitors capture that energy and then release it to get the car going again. Unlike batteries, supercapacitors can release bursts of power more quickly, making them useful in electronics like defibrillators. Think of it like static electricity from wearing wool socks on carpet - the charge builds up quickly and is then released all at once in a spark.

Scientists Turn Cigarette Butts Into Electrical Storage

Well it turns out that the collections of fibers in cigarette filters have a lot to offer a supercapacitor. Here's how the scientists described the process:
Used cigarette filters are composed largely of cellulose acetate. They are disposable, non-biodegradable, toxic and are a threat to the environment after usage. However, it has been reported that cellulose acetate can be directly utilized in the production of carbon materials containing a meso-/micropore structure by only a carbonization process [14]. That is, used cigarette filters could be used as a proper carbon source for supercapacitors. Importantly, carbonizing used cigarette filters in a nitrogen-containing atmosphere could provide the nitrogen doping on the carbon structure with the formation of such unique pore structures in a one-step process.
Scientists Turn Cigarette Butts Into Electrical Storage

In essence, the scientists burned the filters in a nitrogen-rich environment, and this made the filter fibers grow pores, further increasing their surface area. According to their results, published in the journal Nanotechnology, these burnt-in-nitrogen fibers stored more energy than materials previously used in supercapacitors. With further research, this could be great news for both electrical storage and ashtrays everywhere.


Things You Never Noticed About Your Favourite Disney Movies

Disney movies, eh? They are the paragon of childhood virtue, that wonderful studio that took on adventures under the sea, through the desert, and into the rain forest. Could there be anything more pure and wonderful than settling down with your loved ones and enjoying some wholesome, Disney movie fun? Um, yes. Loads of people have spotted filthy, cheeky, or downright crude jokes hidden in everyone’s favorite Disney films. We’ve compiled a list of the most unbelievable-how many did you spot before?

Things You Never Noticed About Your Favourite Disney Movies

1. The Little Mermaid and the Phallic Palace

You might not have spotted this one-but the first time we see the palace in The Little Mermaid, freeze frame for a second and take a really good look. What do you notice? Well, I’ve give you a clue-if you were a Disney artists annoyed at losing your job and drawing a bunch of long, straight turrets for a kid’s film, what would you make them look like? Yep, that’s right-though the artist denies doing it on purpose, Disney have tried to scrap the frame from the movie after people started to complain.

Lion King and S.x in the Sky

2. Lion King and S.x in the Sky

Some also say that hidden in the face of Mufasa is the outline of a woman

The Little Mermaid and more Phallic Fun

3. The Little Mermaid and more Phallic Fun

Yep, we’re still on The Little Mermaid here-and it looks like one particular priest would like to take that phrase a little more literally than I meant it. As Ariel weds her husband-to-be, the priest performing the ceremony is stashing some serious wood (or so it seems). Whether this was the work of another disgruntled artist we’re not sure, but Disney quickly wrote it off as a strange knee placement. That’s what they all say, Disney.

 Aladdin and the Subliminal Messaging

4. Aladdin and the Subliminal Messaging

Aladdin-ah, the merry tale of a pauper turned prince chasing the woman of his dreams with the help of a manic blue genie voiced by Robin Williams. Adorable, right? Well, not for some people with very intent hearing. As Aladdin tries to get Rajah off the balcony as Jasmine steps out. Just as she walks into frame, a voice says “take off your clothes”. Stick the volume right up and you can definitely hear it. Though not in the new DVD releases-Disney, who continued to insist that the line was “Take Off and Go”, eventually cut the line from later versions of the movie.

The Lion King and the Words in the Stars

5. The Lion King and the Words in the Stars

The Lion King truly is one of those complete classics that everyone knows and secretly loves a little bit-even if it’s just so they can hum the start of Circle of Life every time they pick up a kitten. But what you might not have spotted is the rather unfortunate arrangement of the stars in one shot-as Simba and company look out across the cliffs, the twilight sky is full of stars. Quite clearly, and for a good few seconds, you can make out the word “S.X” written across the sky in capital letters. Disney claimed it was a mistake-just an innocently hilarious bit of smut that accidentally found it’s way into this heart-warming tale. It was later claimed that the SFX had simply not made their secret tribute to their work clear enough, but you can make your own mind up about that.

Hercules and the Yet More Phallic Clouds

6. Hercules and the Yet More Phallic Clouds

You’d think that Disney would be pretty much done with both penis shapes and things in the sky-but you’d be wrong! We get a double whammy of how-did-that-ever-get-through-the-censors with the fantastic Hercules, which follows the tale of the Ancient Greek strongman. As Zeus creates the demi-God at the start of the movie, you can clearly see theclouds taking the shape of an erecting penis behind him. Disney have brushed if off by saying people have just seen what they want in the shot-shame so many people chose to see that.

The Rescuers and the…oh, they didn’t, did they?

7. The Rescuers and the…oh, they didn’t, did they?

Yeah, you think it’s been bad up until now-you ain’t seen nothing yet, kid. The Rescuers is a lesser-known Disney film following your usual run-of-the-mill anthropomorphic rodents. That is, until they are involved in a careering chase scene in which they whip through the deserted streets of an urban environment-and, for a split second, past a poster advertising porn. Full-on, explicit porn. The movie was pulled as soon as Disney realized what their animators had been up to.

Who Framed Roger Rabbit

8. Who Framed Roger Rabbit

I don’t think there’s anybody in the damn world who wouldn’t consider Jessica Rabbit one of the finest figures of womanhood to grace this planet-literally. So I’m sure many of you who grew up ogling her curves will love this rumour-when she and Bob Hoskins are thrown from the car, Jessica’s famous dress rides-to reveal for a split second that she’s not wearing any underwear. Pause buttons at the ready, people…

The Three Little Pigs and the Fate of their Father

9. The Three Little Pigs and the Fate of their Father

Finally, something that’s not sex-just, um, seriously dark humour for a kid’s cartoon. As the three little pigs gather round the piano to belt out some catchy showtunes or other, you can see a line of sausages in a picture frame behind them-marked “Father”. Sure to make the more cynical among us smile, and the vegetarians weep. So really, a win all round! This is one of Disney’s most explicit hidden jokes, as they’ve never tried to deny it and it seems so gleefully dark.

10. Hercules and the Flash Dancers

Hey, you remember that song in Hercules, Zero to Hero, right? Yeah, but you’re humming it as you finish this sentence. Well, you might also remember the scene it featured in in the movie-with the muses singing and dancing in their pretty scanty clothes. You might not have spotted that at one point, the center Muse turns so her dress is entirely open-and there’s nothing underneath it. Obviously, that goes for genitals too, but you still have to wonder how many disgruntled artists Disney were keeping around by this point.


Make Your Own Air Conditioner At Home Using Household Items

Make Your Own Air Conditioner At Home Using Household Items

Necessity can make people create the most amazing things. For example, some people will do almost anything to keep cool in the summer heat. Those of you living in the warmer regions of theworld can relate to how frustrating it can be to spend time in a place without proper air conditioning. Well one creative Flickr user created a homemade air conditioner to cool his apartment. Here’s how he did it.

Make Your Own Air Conditioner At Home Using Household Items

The DIY air conditioner was made using easily available household items that cost close to nothing. The air conditioner consists of an ordinary oscillating table-top fan, fish tank pumps, copper tubing and flexible plastic tubing.

Make Your Own Air Conditioner At Home Using Household Items

The photos show that the copper tubing has been formed into spirals and attached at the front and back of the fan. The fish tank pumps feed water to the copper tubing to ensure that the fan constantly blows cold air while the flexible plastic tubing connects the copper tubing to the cold water reservoir and allows the fan to swing in its regular fashion. The user has to add ice to the cold water reservoir every 6 hours to ensure that the water inside the reservoir stays cool.

Make Your Own Air Conditioner At Home Using Household Items

The exact cost is unknown but this is a pretty cheap solution. The only thing you have to be careful about when trying this at home is to make sure the reservoir is placed in a safe place, because electricity and water don’t make the greatest combination.

Make Your Own Air Conditioner At Home Using Household Items


I Thought This Was A Balloon…You’ll Never Guess What It Really Is! [VIDEO]

I Thought This Was A Balloon…You’ll Never Guess What It Really Is!

All you need: dry ice, soap, a large container, and a tube. Be sure not to touch the dry ice with your hands! These are sure to keep your kids entertained for hours.

I Thought This Was A Balloon…You’ll Never Guess What It Really Is!



This Child Has Down’s Syndrome – The Way This Dog Treats Him Will Surprise You

This Child Has Down’s Syndrome – The Way This Dog Treats Him Will Surprise You

Here is a short heartwarming video showing how a dog interacted with the little boy with such tenderness. This will melt even the toughest heart.

Their friendship began with the first act of the young boy called Hernán, reaching out to the dog. The dog, a gentle labrador retriever namedHimalaya, responded gently and lovingly. The young boy wiggles closer to the dog, almost as though to see what she is. She took that as an invitation, but Hernán became shy, nervous, and wiggled away, so Himalya proceeded to gently follow and insist she was his friend.

Hernán’s mom, Ana, has commented that because of his Down’s Syndrome, her son usually shies away from physical contact. But Himalaya lays down sweetly in front of the boy several times almost to introduce herself and have the boy get familiar with her, as if to say, “I am your friend and will always be here for you”.

Despite the boy being somewhat hesitant at first, the dog is persistent with his affection towards him, sensing that the young boy needed protecting. The dog knows exactly what she’s doing. Dogs are a LOT more in tune with kids that communicate differently.

This Child Has Down’s Syndrome – The Way This Dog Treats Him Will Surprise You

The dog simply showed endless love and patience to a child who just takes longer to warm up to then a most children usually would. The dog who waited and repeated his actions of love. Eventually the child ends up showing love in return.

Dogs have such an innate ability to recognize those who need them, maybe some more than others. This is a great example of the gentle, compassionate kindness of an animal and demonstrates how nature cares for humans and for itself.

Watch them interact…this is so awesome and totally heartwarming.



10 Signs You Have Found Your Soulmate

10 Signs You Have Found Your Soulmate

Feeling curious? Read on and without over-analyzing, ask yourself — soul mate or life partner?

The 10 Elements of a Soul Mate

{According to Dr. Carmen Harra}

1. It’s something inside. Describing how a soul mate makes you feel is difficult. It’s a tenacious, profound and lingering emotion which no words can encompass.

2. Flashbacks. If your partner is your soul mate, chances are he or she has been present in your past lives. You might even feel an odd sense of déjà vu, as if the moment in time has already taken place, perhaps a long time ago, perhaps in a different setting.

3. You just get each other. Ever met two people who finish each others sentences? Some people call that spending too much time together, but I call it a soul mate connection. You might experience this with your best friend or your mother, but it is the telltale sign of a soul mate when you experience it with your partner.

4. You fall in love with his (or her) flaws. No relationship is perfect, and even soul mate relationships will experience ups and downs. Still, that bond will be much harder to break. Soul mates have an easier time of accepting, even learning to love, each others imperfections.

5. It’s intense. A soul mate relationship may be more intense than normal relationships, in both good and sometimes bad ways. The most important thing is that, even during negative episodes, you’re focused on resolving the problem and can see beyond the bad moment.

6. You two against the world. Soul mates often see their relationship as “us against the world.” They feel so linked together that they’re ready and willing to take on any feat of life, so long as they have their soul mate by their side.

10 Signs You Have Found Your Soulmate

7. You’re mentally inseparable. Soul mates often have a mental connection similar to twins. They might pick up the phone to call each other at the exact same time. Though life may keep you apart at times, your minds will always be in tune if you are soul mates.

8. You feel secure and protected. Regardless of the gender of your partner, he or she should always make you feel secure and protected. Your soul mate will make you feel like you have a guardian angel by your side. A person who plays on your insecurities, whether consciously or subconsciously, is not your soul mate.

9. You can’t imagine your life without him (or her). A soul mate is not someone you can walk away from that easily. It is someone you can’t imagine being without, a person you believe is worth sticking with and fighting for.

10. You look each other in the eye. Soul mates have a tendency to look into each others eyes when speaking more often than ordinary couples. It comes naturally from the deep-seated connection between them. Looking a person in the eye when speaking denotes a high level of comfort and confidence.


Inventor Unleashes Huge Fart At France [VIDEO]

Idiosyncratic British inventor Colin Furze is celebrating after building a giant bum that produced a mechanical fart so loud it may have been heard across the English Channel in France.

A plumber renowned for super-powering mobility scooters and creating a driveable toilet, Furze built a large metal behind and used a pulse jet to make the farting sound.

"As an engine it’s (the pulse jet) not great as most of the energy is wasted on heat and noise but for this task it’s that noise we need," Furze said on his website.

Footage on YouTube shows him firing up the "fart gun" in front of an enthusiastic crowd on the cliffs of Dover, pointing the buttocks across the water towards France.

He then phones someone across the channel and is thrilled to be told the noise made it over the water.

Back in his workshop, Furze was a little more circumspect. "So far we’ve only got verbal confirmation that this thing worked," he said.

There had been quite a lot of wind noise on a video and not much could be taken from it, although two people had told him they clearly heard a "kind of a muffled, mumbling coming over the water".

The escapade inspired a punk band called March to the Grave, which is apparently reasonably well known in some parts of England, to write a song called Fart at the French.

It all has a very English feel about it, bringing to mind the skit from Monty Python and the Holy Grail in which John Cleese, speaking in an "outrageous" French accent tells the questing King Arthur and his knights of the round table: "I fart in your general direction."


The 16 Different Types of (Art School) Students

Chuck Dillon has been teaching for 10 years now at the Hussian School of Art in Philadelphia. After seeing students come and go, he decided to create sixteen different stereotypes he sees day in and day out. Though I've personally never gone to art school, I can appreciate these for what they're worth - a hilarious depiction of what students look like in this day and age.

Do Inanimate Objects Have Thoughts and Feelings?

Do Inanimate Objects Have Thoughts and Feelings?

The universe is full of mysteries that challenge our current knowledge. In "Beyond Science" Epoch Times collects stories about these strange phenomena to stimulate the imagination and open up previously undreamed of possibilities. Are they true? You decide.
Scientists and philosophers have long debated what level of consciousness, if any, animals and plants have. Some philosophers have even questioned the existence of all but their own minds, being unable to say with absolute certainty that other human beings have consciousness. These questions all relate to beings we label as “living” or “organic.”

But what about inanimate objects? Could they be sentient? It may sound like a crazy idea at first, but some modern scientists (not to mention prominent thinkers throughout history, such as Plato), say it’s possible.

“The idea that the thermostat that regulates the temperature in your house is even vaguely aware of what it is doing certainly goes against ‘common sense,’” wrote Henry P. Stapp, a theoretical physicist at the University of California–Berkeley who worked with some of the founding fathers of quantum mechanics, in a paper about the interaction of mind and matter. Nonetheless, he said, the idea of panpsychism—that all matter has consciousness—is worth discussing in relation to quantum mechanics.

In quantum mechanics, the link between mind and matter is so central that it is “rather unnatural and seemingly retrograde even to consider the possible existence of events that are not psycho-physical in character,” he said. The act of observation, an act of human consciousness, has been shown to influence the physical reality of experiment results.

Stapp does, however, leave room in his theories for events that are purely physical, events that have nothing to do with consciousness. Cognitive scientist and philosopher David Chalmers takes it a step further.

He says it is possible that consciousness is a fundamental building block of physics, and thus it exists in all things—from human beings down to photons.

Do Inanimate Objects Have Thoughts and Feelings?

Chalmers is a philosophy professor and head of consciousness studies at the Australian National University and at New York University. In a TED Talk earlier this year, he said science is at a sort of impasse in its study of consciousness, and “radical ideas may be needed,” to move forward. “I think that we may need one or two ideas that may initially seem crazy.”

One such idea is panpsychism.

Admitting it may seem a “kooky” idea, he noted: “Although the idea seems counterintuitive to us, it’s much less counterintuitive to people from different cultures where the human mind is seen as much more continuous with nature.”

In the past, physics had to incorporate newly discovered fundamental building blocks, such as electromagnetism, that were unexplained by more basic principles. He wonders whether consciousness is another such building block.

“Physics is curiously abstract,” he said. “It describes the structure of reality using a bunch of equations, but it doesn’t tell us about the reality that underlies it.” He quoted a question posed by Stephen Hawking: “What puts the fire into the equations?”

Maybe consciousness puts the fire into the equations, Chalmers said. The equations stay as they are, but we see them as means for describing the flux of consciousness.

“Consciousness doesn’t dangle outside the physical world as some kind of extra, it’s there right at its heart,” he said.

Chalmers doesn’t claim photons have the same kind of consciousness as human beings, but they could have a sort of primal awareness.

Do Inanimate Objects Have Thoughts and Feelings?

Similar thoughts on the different levels of awareness were explored in Ancient Indian scriptures and by 17th-century German philosopher Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz. They suggested inorganic beings are in a sleep-like state; animals are aware but perhaps in a dream-like state; humans are aware that they are aware—they are more awake than animals.

In some Native American traditions, rocks are viewed as having consciousness and a rock may even be referred to as “grandfather rock.” The rocks are aware, for example, of having been moved from their resting places. In Eastern spiritual thought, it is sometimes said a soul can reincarnate not only as a human being, but also as a plant, animal, or even as a rock.

Famed philosophers who have espoused some form of panpsychism include Plato, Baruch Spinoza, Arthur Schopenhauer, and Bertrand Russell.

Russell wrote in “An Outline of Philosophy” (1927): “My own feeling is that there is not a sharp line, but a difference of degree [between mind and matter]; an oyster is less mental than a man, but not wholly un-mental.” He said memory is a key aspect of consciousness and inanimate objects have a sort of memory: “We cannot, on this ground [of memory], erect an absolute barrier between mind and matter. … [I]nanimate matter, to some slight extent, shows analogous behavior.”

Stapp also expressed the opinion that “The boundary between life and non-life is probably not completely sharp.”

The late Cleve Backster, whose experiments in the 1960s supported the idea that plants may have consciousness, also showed that eggs and yogurt could react to threats. Backster was a specialist in polygraph testing. Some of his results are explained by Lynne McTaggart in her book, “The Intention Experiment”: “The live bacteria in yogurt displayed a reaction to the death of other types of bacteria, and yogurt even evidenced a desire to be ‘fed’ with more of its own beneficial bacteria. Eggs registered a cry of alarm and then resignation when one of their number was dropped in boiling water.”

She explained that, “Backster even demonstrated that bodily fluids … registered reactions mirroring the emotional state of their hosts.”

Chalmers calls for a study of human consciousness that goes beyond testing the correlation between parts of the brain and conscious experiences. “This is still a science of correlations, it’s not a science of explanations. … We know that these brain areas go along with certain kinds of conscious experience, but we don’t know why they do,” he said. Studies that look beyond the brain may find consciousness in surprising places.







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