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Frozen ‘Poop Pills’ Could Stop Deadly Infections

Frozen ‘Poop Pills’ Could Stop Deadly Infections

By Katharine J. Tobal


About 250.000 have to be hospitalized annually in the U.S. because of the bacteria named “Clostridium difficile”, which cause the death for at least 14.000 of them. A hopeful new study revealed that a capsule with a single, unexpected ingredient may help fight off the disease.

People infected with Clostridium difficile suffer debilitating diarrhea that can turn deadly even with adequate treatment. These infections cannot be treated easily due to the fact that the antibiotics destroy normal gut microbes, which help keep pathogenic species under control by competing with it for space and resources.
Frozen ‘Poop Pills’ Could Stop Deadly Infections

The study, undertaken by doctors at Massachusetts General Hospital, managed to develop a procedure called “fecal microbiotia transplantation” (FMT), a.k.a. fecal bacteriotherapy, which delivers fresh fecal material from healthy donors to restore the good gut bacteria and keep the normal balance of beneficial microbes. Basically, they figured out a way to tell you to “eat sh!t and get better” with a straight face.

But the fecal transplants are normally not easy. The procedure typically needs a donation of fresh feces, usually from a relative, and a colonoscopy to deliver it.

The study yielded largely positive results, as the fecal transplants were about 90% successful, and shoed themselves to be a treatment proven to curb the severe diarrhea and other symptoms that characterize C. diff infections.

Dr. Elizabeth Hohmann, a staff physician at Mass General and researcher told NPR:
“Just getting the tube down is a problem.”
The researchers got samples from young, healthy volunteers in order to examine the hypothesis. The volunteers were screened to make sure they didn’t have HIV, hepatitis or other infectious diseases.

The doctors have to wait four weeks to test the donors again after putting the substance under freeze, to make sure nothing bad was starting to grow when they took the sample. The pill production then begins after getting a clean bill of health.
Frozen ‘Poop Pills’ Could Stop Deadly Infections

Dr. Ilan Youngster, a fellow in pediatric infectious diseases at Massachusetts General Hospital and one of the scientists involved in the study, said a written statement released by the hospital:

“Numerous reports have shown that FMT is effective in treating active C. difficile infection and preventing recurrences in patients whose infections failed to respond to standard treatments. The procedures that have been used before–colonoscopies, nasogastric tubes, even enemas–all have potential risks and discomforts for patients.”

The researchers explained that the pill wouldn’t require invasive procedures, and would be less likely to cause vomiting. Inside the capsule are human feces – strained, centrifuged and frozen. They added that donors wouldn’t have to be standing by if the pills were frozen.

It’s very important to find the donor in the right time to avoid a delay in the transplant. Otherwise, the cost will certainly be higher than with convention treatment.

Frozen ‘Poop Pills’ Could Stop Deadly Infections

Dr. Youngster added:
“Many people can be carriers of bacteria, viruses, and parasites that are shed in their stools, but have no symptoms, It’s not enough to know your donor and just ask how he or she feels, as some websites suggest. In any form, this procedure should only be performed under strict medical supervision with material from thoroughly screened donors.”
The gastroenterologist, Dr. Colleen Kelly, who was not involved in the study, said:
“Capsules are going to replace the way we’ve been doing this. You have to find a donor, have to screen a donor. If you can just open a freezer and take out a poop pill, that’s wonderful.”
The study was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) on October 11 after it was tested and successfully treated many patients. Although, the pills are not being marketed yet, the authors of the study expressed their readiness to make them available for those in need.

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7 Definite Signs Your Man Truly Loves you

By: likes.com

1. He Treats You Well

A guy who loves you is considerate of your feelings, needs and desires. He makes them as important as his desires and needs. He is concerned with your well-being and will do things to make your life better, sometimes going out of his way to do so. Not only does he treat you well, he is also good to your family and friends.

2. He Is Generous With His Time

He doesn’t let too much time go by without seeing you. When he is available, he wants to be with you and chooses to spend his time with you. If you’re in a long distance relationship, he is spending time with you whenever your schedules allow. And you are together during major holidays such as Valentine’s Day, Thanksgiving, Christmas and New Year’s Eve.

3. He Makes You A Priority

You are at the forefront of his mind and he maintains contact in between the times you see each other. He considers you when making decisions and is considerate about doing things you want to do. When speaking, he uses “we” instead of “I”, and includes you in his future plans.

7 Definite Signs Your Man Truly Loves you

4. He Cares For You

A guy who loves you is genuinely happy for you when good things happen to you. He is compassionate when you’re going through challenges. This guy is there for you in the good and not so good times. He thinks about you and surprises you with tokens of affection outside of your birthday, Christmas and Valentine’s Day. He will also challenge you by calling you out on stuff to help you become a better person.

5. He Wants People To Know About You

He is affectionate with you in public by holding your hand, putting his arm around you and/or hugging you. He is proud to be with you and has introduced you to his family and friends. He brings you to family functions and get-togethers with friends, and takes you to company events.

6. He Treats Your Relationship With Integrity

He is trustworthy and loyal to you and your relationship. He is upfront with you about his past girlfriends and skeletons in his closet. He does what he says and will let you know if he’s not able to. When issues come up, he is willing to work through them. Although he isn’t perfect, he tries to be a better man.

7. He Wants The Best For You

A guy who loves you encourages you to do things you love, even if it means doing these things without him. He wants you to spend time with family and friends. He encourages you to find and live your passions, knowing that if you are happy and engaged with life, you’ll be happy and engaged in your relationship with him.

Place less weight on his words and more weight on his behaviors and actions. A man’s behaviors and actions are more revealing and show if he loves you or not. It’s easier for a man to say, “I love you” because that’s what you want to hear. The true test of whether he loves you is if he exhibits the signs described earlier. When a man loves you, you won’t need to hear the words because you will just know.

7 Definite Signs Your Man Truly Loves you

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Are Ghosts Real? Science Says No-o-o-o

Are Ghosts Real? Science Says No-o-o-o

If you believe in ghosts, you're not alone. Cultures all around the world believe in spirits that survive death to live in another realm. In fact, ghosts are among the most widely believed of paranormal phenomena: Millions of people are interested in ghosts, and a 2005 Gallup poll found that 37 percent of Americans believe in haunted houses — and nearly half believe in ghosts.

Ghosts have been a popular subject for millennia, appearing in countless stories, from the Bible to "Macbeth," and even spawning their own folklore genre: ghost stories. Part of the reason is that belief in ghosts is part of a larger web of related paranormal beliefs, including near-death experience, life after death and spirit communication.

People have tried to (or claimed to) communicate with spirits for ages; in Victorian England, for example, it was fashionable for upper-crust ladies to hold séances in their parlors after tea and crumpets with friends. In America during the late 1800s, many psychic mediums claimed to speak to the dead — but were exposed as frauds by skeptical investigators such as Harry Houdini.


It wasn't until the past decade that ghost hunting became a widespread interest around the world. Much of this is due to Syfy cable TV's hit series "Ghost Hunters," now in its 10th season of not finding good evidence for ghosts. The show spawned several spin-offs, including "Ghost Hunters International" and "Ghost Hunters Academy," and it's not hard to see why the show is so popular: the premise is that anyone can look for ghosts. The two original stars were ordinary guys (plumbers, in fact) who decided to look for evidence of spirits. Their message: You don't need to be an egghead scientist, or even have any training in science or investigation. All you need is some free time, a dark place and maybe a few gadgets from an electronics store. If you look long enough, any unexplained light or noise might be evidence of ghosts.

The idea that the dead remain with us in spirit is an ancient one, and one that offers many people comfort; who doesn't want to believe that our beloved but deceased family members aren't looking out for us, or with us in our times of need? Most people believe in ghosts because of personal experience; they have seen or sensed some unexplained presence.

Are Ghosts Real? Science Says No-o-o-o

The science and logic of ghosts

Personal experience is one thing, but scientific evidence is another matter. Part of the difficulty in investigating ghosts is that there is not one universally agreed-upon definition of what a ghost is. Some believe that they are spirits of the dead who for whatever reason get "lost" on their way to The Other Side; others claim that ghosts are instead telepathic entities projected into the world from our minds.

Still others create their own special categories for different types of ghosts, such as poltergeists, residual hauntings, intelligent spirits and shadow people. Of course, it's all made up, like speculating on the different races of fairies or dragons: there are as many types of ghosts as you want there to be.

There are many contradictions inherent in ideas about ghosts. For example, are ghosts material or not? Either they can move through solid objects without disturbing them, or they can slam doors shut and throw objects across the room. Logically and physically, it's one or the other. If ghosts are human souls, why do they appear clothed and with (presumably soulless) inanimate objects like hats, canes and dresses — not to mention the many reports of ghost trains, cars and carriages?

If ghosts are the spirits of those whose deaths were unavenged, why are there unsolved murders, since ghosts are said to communicate with psychic mediums, and should be able to identify their killers for the police. And so on; just about any claim about ghosts raises logical reasons to doubt it.

Ghost hunters use many creative (and dubious) methods to detect the spirits' presences, often including psychics. Virtually all ghost hunters claim to be scientific, and most give that appearance because they use high-tech scientific equipment such as Geiger counters, electromagnetic field (EMF) detectors, ion detectors, infrared cameras and sensitive microphones. Yet none of this equipment has ever been shown to actually detect ghosts.

Other people take exactly the opposite approach, claiming that the reason that ghosts haven't been proven to exist is that we simply don't have the right technology to find or detect the spirit world. But this, too, can't be correct: Either ghosts exist and appear in our ordinary physical world (and can therefore be detected and recorded in photographs, film, video and audio recordings), or they don't. If ghosts exist and can be scientifically detected or recorded, then we should find hard evidence of that — yet we don't. If ghosts exist and cannot be scientifically detected or recorded, then all the photos, videos and other recordings claimed to be evidence of ghosts cannot be ghosts. With so many basic contradictory theories — and so little science brought to bear on the topic — it's not surprising that despite the efforts of thousands of ghost hunters on television and elsewhere for decades, not a single piece of hard evidence of ghosts has been found.

Are Ghosts Real? Science Says No-o-o-o

Why many believe

Many people believe that support for the existence of ghosts can be found in no less a hard science than modern physics. It is widely claimed that Albert Einstein suggested a scientific basis for the reality of ghosts; if energy cannot be created or destroyed but only change form, what happens to our body's energy when we die? Could that somehow be manifested as a ghost?

It seems like a reasonable assumption — unless you understand basic physics. The answer is very simple, and not at all mysterious. After a person dies, the energy in his or her body goes where all organisms' energy goes after death: into the environment. The energy is released in the form of heat, and transferred into the animals that eat us (i.e., wild animals if we are left unburied, or worms and bacteria if we are interred), and the plants that absorb us. There is no bodily "energy" that survives death to be detected with popular ghost-hunting devices.

While amateur ghost hunters like to imagine themselves on the cutting edge of ghost research, they are really engaging in what folklorists call ostension, or legend tripping. It's basically a form of playacting in which people "act out" a legend, often involving ghosts or supernatural elements. In his book "Aliens, Ghosts, and Cults: Legends We Live" (University Press of Mississippi, 2003) folklorist Bill Ellis points out that ghost hunters themselves often take the search seriously and "venture out to challenge supernatural beings, confront them in consciously dramatized form, then return to safety. ... The stated purpose of such activities is not entertainment but a sincere effort to test and define boundaries of the 'real' world.'"


If ghosts are real, and are some sort of as-yet-unknown energy or entity, then their existence will (like all other scientific discoveries) be verified by scientists through controlled experiments — not by weekend ghost hunters wandering around abandoned houses in the dark late at night with cameras and flashlights.

In the end (and despite mountains of ambiguous photos, sounds and videos), the evidence for ghosts is no better today than it was a year ago, a decade ago or a century ago. There are two possible reasons for the failure of ghost hunters to find good evidence. The first is that ghosts don't exist, and that reports of ghosts can be explained by psychology, misperceptions, mistakes and hoaxes. The second option is that ghosts do exist, but that ghost hunters are simply incompetent. Ultimately, ghost hunting is not about the evidence (if it was, the search would have been abandoned long ago). Instead, it's about having fun with friends, telling stories, and the enjoyment of pretending to be searching the edge of the unknown. After all, everyone loves a good ghost story.

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12-year-old Unable To Feel Thirst Or Hunger

12-year-old Unable To Feel Thirst Or Hunger

By: Kyle Munson, The Des Moines Register

Iowa — The soundtrack of daily life in the Jones household is a persistent mantra that Michael and Debbie intone for their 12-year-old son, Landon.

Take a bite.

Take a drink.

Take a drink.

Take a bite.


These parents have been forced to jabber away like this in the last year because of their son's mysterious illness: He lacks all impulse to eat or drink. And he might be the only person in the world burdened with this bizarre medical condition.

Michael, 43, who prods most often, is a desperate father. He's become a verbal robot in a grim campaign to keep his boy fed.

Take a bite.

Take a bite.

Take a drink.


"We feel like we're seeing him deteriorate in front of our eyes," Michael said.

12-year-old Unable To Feel Thirst Or Hunger

Landon, an avid rock music fan, would rather be listening to Aerosmith or the Cars. But he's sick and needs these constant reminders from Dad.

It all began when Landon woke the morning of Oct. 14, 2013, suddenly having lost all sense of hunger and thirst. He was dizzy nearly to the point of passing out. His chest was clogged with phlegm that he kept coughing up.

The previous day seemed normal. Landon had been riding his bicycle and devoured a bowl of ice cream and slices of pizza.

"Something happened in the middle of the night," Michael said, "and he woke up this way, and it hasn't stopped."

An eventual chest X-ray revealed a bacterial infection in Landon's left lung that soon was eradicated.

But that was just the beginning of a gantlet of doctors' appointments and medical tests in the last year that have taken the family to five cities — their local pediatrician in Waterloo; Cedar Rapids; Des Moines; Madison, Wis.; and the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn. — in a frustrating quest for clear answers and a cure.

Landon now is being considered for an appointment at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Md., which examine a relative handful of the rarest cases annually.

12-year-old Unable To Feel Thirst Or Hunger

Landon Jones, 12, is shown in a school photo from this year, at right — weighing 68.4 pounds — and last year, at left — at 104 pounds. Landon is losing weight due to an apparent hypothalamic dysfunction that started just over a year ago. (Photo: Photos special to the Register )

He began to shed 2 pounds per week last fall and has withered from his former weight of 104 pounds to a gaunt, tenuous 68.4 pounds.

Michael and Debbie, married 14 years, have battled every ounce of the way in a futile effort to pack pounds back on their oldest son.

He wants to feel normal

Landon arrived home from school last week with his playful brother Bryce, 9 — "kind of the Woody Allen of the school," as Michael described him.

The parents pulled Landon's lunchbox out of his backpack. One bite was missing from the corner of the ham and cheese sandwich they'd sent with him. The boy had munched perhaps half a dozen chips.

Bryce and the family's Labrador-bloodhound mutt, Bailey, romped through the living room, a blur of happy energy swirling around the lethargic Landon. The weary, bespectacled boy tends to lie on the sofa after school.

He missed 65 days of school last year.

Landon, with zero appetite, struggles at the extreme opposite end of the spectrum as America battles rampant childhood obesity. It has more than doubled in children (to nearly 18% for ages 6-11) and quadrupled in adolescents (nearly 21% for ages 12-19) in the last 30 years, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

All he wants to do is feel like a normal kid.

Michael quit work to spend more time tending to Landon. His varied career has included time as a certified nursing assistant and his own pest control business in Cedar Falls. Debbie has been a medical assistant in the lab at Allen Hospital in Waterloo for 13 years.

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Goliath Encounter: Puppy-Sized Spider Surprises Scientist in Rainforest

Goliath Encounter: Puppy-Sized Spider Surprises Scientist in Rainforest

Piotr Naskrecki was taking a nighttime walk in a rainforest in Guyana, when he heard rustling as if something were creeping underfoot. When he turned on his flashlight, he expected to see a small mammal, such as a possum or a rat.

“When I turned on the light, I couldn’t quite understand what I was seeing,” said Naskrecki, an entomologist and photographer at Harvard University’s Museum of Comparative Zoology.

A moment later, he realized he was looking not at a brown, furry mammal, but an enormous, puppy-size spider.

Goliath Encounter: Puppy-Sized Spider Surprises Scientist in Rainforest

Known as the South American Goliath birdeater (Theraphosa blondi), the colossal arachnid is the world’s largest spider, according to Guinness World Records. Its leg span can reach up to a foot (30 centimeters), or about the size of “a child’s forearm,” with a body the size of “a large fist,” Naskrecki told Live Science. And the spider can weigh more than 6 oz. (170 grams) — about as much as a young puppy, the scientist wrote on his blog. [See Photos of the Goliath Birdeater Spider]

Some sources say the giant huntsman spider, which has a larger leg span, is bigger than the birdeater. But the huntsman is much more delicate than the hefty birdeater — comparing the two would be “like comparing a giraffe to an elephant,” Naskrecki said.

The birdeater’s enormous size is evident from the sounds it makes. “Its feet have hardened tips and claws that produce a very distinct, clicking sound, not unlike that of a horse’s hooves hitting the ground,” he wrote, but “not as loud.”

Goliath Encounter: Puppy-Sized Spider Surprises Scientist in Rainforest

Prickly hairs and 3/4-inch fangs

When Naskrecki approached the imposing creature in the rainforest, it would rub its hind legs against its abdomen. At first, the scientist thought the behavior was “cute,” he said, but then he realized the spider was sending out a cloud of hairs with microscopic barbs on them. When these hairs get in the eyes or other mucous membranes, they are “extremely painful and itchy,” and can stay there for days, he said. [Creepy-Crawly Gallery: See Spooky Photos of Spiders]

But its prickly hairs aren’t the birdeater’s only line of defense; it also sports a pair of 0.79-inch-long (2 centimeters) fangs. Although the spider’s bite is venomous, it’s not deadly to humans. But it would still be extremely painful, “like driving a nail through your hand,” Naskrecki said.

And the eight-legged beast has a third defense mechanism up its hairy sleeve. The hairs on the front of the spider’s body have tiny hooks and barbs that make a hissing sound when they rub against each other, “sort of like pulling Velcro apart,” Naskrecki said.

Yet despite all that, the spider doesn’t pose a threat to humans. Even if it bites you, “a chicken can probably do more damage,” Naskrecki said.
Goliath Encounter: Puppy-Sized Spider Surprises Scientist in Rainforest

Bird eater or mostly harmless?

Despite its name, the birdeater doesn’t usually eat birds, although it is certainly capable of killing small mammals. “They will essentially attack anything that they encounter,” Naskrecki said.

The spider hunts in leaf litter on the ground at night, so the chances of it encountering a bird are very small, he said. However, if it found a nest, it could easily kill the parents and the chicks, he said, adding that the spider species has also been known to puncture and drink bird eggs.

The spider will eat frogs and insects, but its main prey is actually earthworms, which come out at night when it’s humid. “Earthworms are very nutritious,” Naskrecki said.

Birdeaters are not very common spiders. “I’ve been working in the tropics in South America for many, many years, and in the last 10 to 15 years, I only ran across the spider three times,” Naskrecki.

After catching the specimen he found in Guyana, which was female, Naskrecki took her back to his lab to study. She’s now deposited in a museum.

Naskrecki didn’t specify whether the spider was kept alive or not, only that she “remains in Guyana where she was collected, where she serves the purpose of training and educatiing conservation biologists, including members of native indian communities in the country.” He plans to address questions about the spider in a post on his blog.

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A Chair Straight Out of David Cronenberg’s Dreams

Pair this with the pseudo-flesh covered furniture and the hugging chair and you’ll officially be the coolest person on the block.

I can definitely picture Max Renn (Videodrome) sitting on this chair with his gaping stomach-hole.

h/t Boing Boing.

Cao Hui, “Visual Temperature — Sofa,” 2008.

Mixed Materials: Resin, Fiber, etc. 98x106x108 cm.

A Chair Straight Out of David Cronenberg’s Dreams
A Chair Straight Out of David Cronenberg’s Dreams
A Chair Straight Out of David Cronenberg’s Dreams
A Chair Straight Out of David Cronenberg’s Dreams

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Three-storey Sky Whale Fits 755 Passengers


The future of air travel? Three-storey Sky Whale fits 755 passengers, has virtual reality windows and self-healing wings

  • Concept vehicle would have wingspan of 88m and seat 755 passengers
  • Designer Oscar Viñals said it would split passengers into three classes
  • Each would have their own deck in a modern-day version of the Titanic
  • Everyone on board would have virtual reality windows for entertainment

It has three decks, tilting Harrier-style jets and breaks itself up into pieces during a crash landing – and could be the future of air travel.

Called Sky Whale, the concept aeroplane it set to be bigger than an Airbus A380, look like a spacecraft and have ‘self-healing’ wings that repair themselves.


The aircraft would split passengers into three classes, each with their own deck, in a modern-day version of the Titanic’s strict division of passengers.

Called Sky Whale, the concept plane, pictured, is set to be bigger than an Airbus A380, look like a spacecraft and have ‘self-healing’ wings. The engines would tilt 45 degrees meaning the plane could land on runways anywhere in the world. It was created by Spanish designer Oscar Vinals

SKY WHALE’S SPECIFICATIONS

Capacity: 755 passengers

Wingspan: 88m

Length: 77m

Decks: 3

Classes: Tourist class with sky views, business class and first class

Other features: Self-healing wings, engines that tilt 45-degrees making it possible to take off on the spot, double fuselage and virtual reality windows. 



Every passenger would additionally have virtual reality windows to keep themselves entertained on long flights.

The AWWA Sky Whale was created by Spanish designer Oscar Viñals and is so big it was described by Dvice as looking ‘more like something thought up for the Transformers movie franchise than a legitimate aircraft’.

The tilting engines would make it possible for the Sky Whale to take off on the spot – and, according to the plans, if it crashes the passenger section would separate from the wings to reduce the loss of life.

The craft matches advances in technology with a huge capacity of 755 passengers, making it economically viable for an airline.

The plane would seat 755 passengers, making it economically viable for an airline, such as Iberia, pictured in this concept illustration. Passengers would be divided into three classes: ‘tourist class‘, the equivalent of economy, ‘tourist class with sky views’, or business class, and ‘first class’


The Sky Whale, pictured, would be built out of advanced new materials made up of ceramic or fibre composites. It would also have advanced ‘active wings’ powered by a hybrid turbo-electric propulsion system making them much more efficient than today

The Sky Whale would have a wingspan of 88m compared to 80m for an Airbus A380 and 64m for a Boeing 747.

The three classes would be ‘tourist class’, the equivalent of economy, ‘tourist class with sky views’, or business class, and finally ‘first class’, which would also have sky views and ‘all conceivable luxuries’.

It is not clear how passengers would be able to look at the view, though given the size of the craft it is likely to have larger windows than those fitted to the back of current plane seat ones.

Those in economy would not be without, though – their windows would be fitted with virtual reality screens so passengers could see whatever they want.

Three-storey Sky Whale Fits 755 Passengers

According to Vinals’ concept plans, the giant aircraft would be powered by three Harrier-style jets and feature a double fuselage, meaning it could go longer without refuelling. There would also be micro solar cells on the wings that could draw power from the sun

The Sky Whale, pictured top, would have a wingspan of 88m compared to 80m for an Airbus A380, pictured bottom, and 64m for a Boeing 747, pictured in the centre 

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Passenger Planes WITHOUT Windows Could Be A Reality In The Near Future


The concept of a new windowless plane is set to take off and become reality in less than a decade.

Passengers will soon be able to surf the net, check their email and view the skies outside while travelling via aircraft.

In a sneak-preview of what the next generation of air travel would look like in almost 10 years, windows would be replaced by full-length smart screens which allow people to see outside whenever they wish.

This would be able to be switched on an off if desired.

Passenger Planes WITHOUT Windows Could Be A Reality In The Near Future

Breathtaking views: Could this be the next generation of air travel?

The technology has been devised by the north-east company Centre for Process Innovation (CPI), which works with firms to create new products.

Plans show how large, hi-definition, ultra thin and lightweight displays could form the inside of the fuselage, displaying images of outside from cameras mounted on the plane’s exterior.

Not only this, the company is forming ideas of how to reduce the plane's weight, which would cut fuel consumption, thereby bringing down air fares.

According to bosses, for every 1 per cent reduction in the weight of an aircraft, there is a saving in fuel of 0.75 per cent.

The futuristic idea would involve panels mirroring whatever view of the outside that the passenger wanted, with it changing when they move their eyes.

Passenger Planes WITHOUT Windows Could Be A Reality In The Near Future

Don't look down: Passengers can choose their own view

CPI representative Dr Jon Helliwell said: "Follow the logical thought through. Let’s take all the windows out – that’s what they do in cargo aircraft – what are the passengers going to do?

"If you think about it, it’s only really the people that are sitting next to windows that will suffer.”

Passenger Planes WITHOUT Windows Could Be A Reality In The Near Future

This would be created using organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs), which is a combination of materials that give out their own light when activated by electricity.

Dr Helliwell added that the idea could become reality in 10 years, after other “building blocks” in the development of OLED are completed.

He said: “We are talking about it now because it matches the kind of development timelines that they have in the aerospace industry."

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The Pain Of Being In Love With Someone You Can Never Be With

The Pain Of Being In Love With Someone You Can Never Be With

BY:

Love is a tricky thing. It varies in intensity and in the specificity of emotions. It is sometimes the most beautiful thing in the world and, at other times, it’s the most horrid thing we’ve ever come face-to-face with.

It’s odd how one thing could be the cause of so many contrary feelings. But that’s what makes love so beautiful – it’s the closest thing to perfection that exists in the world, the only thing that can easily and comfortably encompass both good and evil, beautiful and ugly.

It’s the closest thing to a flawless whole that man has ever claimed to have been part of.

When we think of love, we think of the happy kind of love, the kind that is the beginning of something beautiful – something that breathes life.

There is, however, another kind of love, a much darker and sadder kind of love. It’s the love one feels when one loves someone he or she can never and will never have.


It’s the kind of love that doesn’t signal the beginning of something beautiful, but rather the end of something that might have been beautiful, but will never amount to anything more than what it is.

Contrary to popular belief or popular wishful thinking, love doesn’t always end happily. It doesn’t always result in the joining of two people, the fusing of two lives into one.

The Pain Of Being In Love With Someone You Can Never Be With

Sometimes, on rare occasions, it results in the wedging apart of the two who love each other the most. You can love someone with all your soul and never get a chance to be with that person. Even worse, you can know that you love him or her, understanding there is no possibility that the two of you will ever be together.

Some people cannot and will not ever end up together, even if they do love each other. It’s a sad truth, but a truth, nonetheless.

The fact is, love is not enough. All those fairytales, all those stories and movies you’ve heard and watched growing up, lied to you. Love is never enough because love is not rational.

You hear that love is irrational all the time, yet you still hear the same people saying that love is enough to keep two people together.

Unfortunately, we live in a world governed by rationality, and while love may be irrational, and we may manage to make it work for some time, the real world always catches up with us and our irrational illusions dissipate into thin air.

Then we are left with reality and reality doesn’t always reason the way lovers do.

Some people don’t work out together. They have habits or beliefs that make it impossible to co-habitate with the person they love. There isn’t a couple out there that loves every little thing about one another.

Sure, they may find certain quirks cute or unique, but they don’t love them; they simply accept them. There are some people who have such habits, tendencies, or thinking patterns that really do make them incompatible with the other person.

The two may love each other fully, because remember, love isn’t rational, yet not be able to live and deal with each other forever. This is why relationships require compromise.

You’re not going to love everything about the person you are with, but you love enough about him or her to live with the things you don’t love. Not all people are willing to, or even able to, compromise. Sometimes it just doesn’t work, regardless of what our emotions tell us.

Compromising, of course, is a choice. You either choose to make it work or you choose not to. I believe this fully. As long as something doesn’t go against your nature, over time you can make it work. But there are still some cases when compromising isn’t enough.

The Pain Of Being In Love With Someone You Can Never Be With

Sometimes there are other reasons two people cannot and will not ever be together. In fact, this is usually the deciding factor of whether or not two lovers will be capable of spending their lives together: if they are able to forgive and forget.

Because love is as intense an emotion as one gets, it occasionally leads us to make poor choices – choices that are hurtful to the ones we love.

They may be poor calls of judgment, lies we told or things we said. When it comes to love, our pasts haunt us. We move from relationship to relationship, hauling all that luggage we managed to accumulate in our previous relationship.

Because lovers who can’t work together don’t like to accept this fact, they have a tendency of breaking up and getting back together repeatedly.

Each time they take a break from each other, they come back and try to start fresh. But the problem is, they’re still carrying all that luggage. And sooner or later, they start to unpack. All the demons come out.

When love scars, it cuts deep. The pain isn’t easily forgotten and usually cannot be willfully forgotten. When you hurt the woman you love enough, she won’t come back to you. And because you still love her, you wouldn’t take her back even if she asked you to.

You don’t trust yourself not to hurt her again and even if you did, she wouldn’t trust you not to hurt her again. Relationships are built on trust and you shattered her trust.

Chances are, you both have bruises that have never fully healed and likely will never fully heal. And that’s just something you decided that you’ll have to live with. Why?

Because you really don’t have any other options. You just hope that the two of you find others to love so you can think about each other less and so you don’t have to worry about her happiness anymore.

You wait in hopes that new love can take the place of the old — which it can. But that doesn’t mean you will ever stop loving each other. Some people will love each other until the day they die, spending the majority of their lives apart. And so is the darker side of love.

SOURCE

What You Didn’t Know About the Oreo [VIDEO]

What You Didn’t Know About the Oreo

 


There are fewer treats out there more familiar than the Oreo. Since the National Biscuit Company (today Nabisco) created it in 1912, it’s become one of the top-selling cookies in the world. But there’s likely plenty you don’t know about it, and this Buzzfeed video is here to set you straight.

Particularly intriguing is the design stamped into every Oreo cookie: The current version, settled upon in 1952, features the word “OREO” in a circle topped with a two-bar cross. The design also contains exactly 12 flowers, 12 dots and 12 dashes. But what does it mean?

What You Didn’t Know About the Oreo

The Atlantic reasons that the circle and cross around the word “OREO” is a variation on the Nabisco logo, which is either “an early European symbol for quality” or a Cross of Lorraine, an emblem used by the Knights Templar during the Crusades. The dots and flowers might be a rendering of four-leaf clovers or a cross pattée, another symbol favored by the Knights Templar.

The design’s inventor may have been William A. Turnier, a one-time Nabisco mail boy who ascended the corporate ranks. Nabisco won’t confirm or deny Turnier’s role in giving the Oreo its good looks, telling the New York Times in 2011 only that a man by that name worked for the company as a “design engineer" at that time.

Whip these factoids out the next time you’re scarfing down Oreos with pals, and let us know if the knowledge makes ‘em taste better.

WATCH THE VIDEO:


SOURCE

Huge Scientific Discovery: 'Hobbits' Existed as a Separate Humanoid Species

I am sure many of our readers are fans of The Lord of the Rings and Tolkien, which means that you would have heard of the Hobbits, a race of dwarf humanoids playing a major role in the events of these books.

Well ‘Homo floresiensis’, otherwise called ‘Hobbit’, is considered to be a dwarf-like human species with a height of around 1 metre and small brains that co-existed with us until about 12,000 years ago, when they disappeared.

It may not be the same Hobbits as the ones of Tolkien, but they have many similarities.

There are three different theories as to the origins of that species. One theory suggests that it was a group of humans that had a disease that restricted their size, while another theory supports that Hobbits evolved from an ape like creature in Africa millions of years ago.

Huge Scientific Discovery: 'Hobbits' Existed as a Separate Humanoid Species

The third theory is that it was the result of dwarfism occurring in Homo Erectus species, which flourished mainly in Asia.

A new study based on the remains found on an Indonesian island, suggests that it is possible to be a separate species of the early human beings.

Dr Kaifu and his Japanese team support that their latest scans show that Hobbits cannot be a devolved Homo Erectus Species because their brain size is too small to just be a devolution of the Homo Erectus.

Therefore they must have been a separate human species. If such findings are true, then the question is how this human species appeared and what are its origins?

Of course Kaifu’s suggestion won’t be taken lightly in the scientific community, therefore creating more debates and adding Kaifu’s finding as the fourth hypothesis of the origins of Homo Floresiensis.

New Evidence Confirms the ‘Hobbit’ was an Ancient Human Species

In 2003, the remains of an early human species, Homo floresiensis, were discovered on the island of Flores in Indonesia and were dated to have lived between 95,000 and 17,000 years ago.

Huge Scientific Discovery: 'Hobbits' Existed as a Separate Humanoid Species

Nicknamed ‘hobbit’ for its small stature (approximately 3 feet 6 inches tall) and large feet, Homo floresiensis has been the subject of much debate and intense research to determine whether they represent a species distinct from modern humans, or whether the remains belonged to a modern human (Homo sapien) with a disorder such as microcephalia, a condition characterized by a small head, short stature and some mental retardation.

Now, a new 3D-comparative analysis has confirmed the status of Homo floresiensis as a distinct Homo species.

Scientists used 3D geometric analyses of skull surfaces to compare the ‘hobbit’ with many fossil humans, as well as a large sample of modern human crania suffering from microcephaly and other pathological conditions.

The study, published in the journal Plos One, is the most comprehensive study to date to simultaneously evaluate the two competing hypotheses about the status of Homo floresiensis.

The results revealed that the ‘hobbit’ cranium showed more similarities with fossil human samples than to modern humans with pathological conditions.

The differences between the H. floresiensis skull and the modern skulls with pathology were sufficient to be able to state with certainty that the ‘hobbit’ was not a modern human with pathology.

Huge Scientific Discovery: 'Hobbits' Existed as a Separate Humanoid Species

The study brings us a step closer in unravelling the mystery of the hobbit. But there is still much to be learned about this unique and mysterious species, such as:
  • How did it get to the island of Flores?
  • Did they have language or other forms of cultural expression?
  • How did they manage to survive until relatively recent times when many other species became extinct?
  • Did they co-exist or interbreed with modern humans?
  • What was the eventual reason for their disappearance?


By John Black and April Holloway, Ancient Origins;

This article is published with the permission of Ancient-Origins.net. They release the most up to date news and articles relating to ancient human origins, archaeology, anthropology, lost civilizations, scientific mysteries, sacred writings, ancient places and more.

Back to the Future: Scientists Create A Real Hoverboard

Back to the Future: Scientists create a real hoverboard

Ever since Marty McFly hopped aboard his pink hoverboard in 1989's Back to the Future Part II, the world has been waiting for real scientists and engineers to catch up. Now, finally, it appears that you can get your hands on one - if you have $10,000.


Ever since the fictional hoverboards in 1989’s Back to the Future Park II children (and adults) have dreamed of scooting along six inches from the ground, safe from the rough terrain and water which would stop a normal skateboard in its tracks.

In the 90s the film’s director Robert Zemeckis cruelly spread rumours that a commercial version was under development, raising hopes around the world before scientists dashed them with a dose of reality - the problem was just too hard.

But now a Californian startup claims to have cracked it and developed a working prototype, although there are several catches: the battery only lasts seven minutes, it will only float over smooth metal and it costs $10,000. There is also a limited supply of just ten hoverboards available.

Hendo Hover has turned to Kickstarter to crowdfund the $250,000 it needs to create the first run of products. It claims to need the money to put the “finishing touches” to its device.

Currently its HENDO hoverboard levitates one inch from the ground but will only work above conductive surfaces.

Back to the Future: Scientists create a real hoverboard

The money raised will also go towards “creating places to ride them”, as existing skateparks with their tarmac surface are unsuitable. Engineers claim that one day they could be improved to work on any surface, but this is still some way off.

Those pledging $5 will get a mention on the company’s social media accounts, while those giving $100 will get a five minute ride on a hoverboard. Only those giving $10,000 will get a hoverboard, and there are only 10 available in this campaign.

The company claims that those donating to get a hoverboard will be presented with the devices today, but only $3,856 of the target of $250,000 has so far been raised, meaning that nobody with deep pockets has yet taken the plunge.

VIDEO: Back to the Future: Scientists create a real hoverboard 



“Our engineering team has been amazing, rapidly iterating on design after design. In fact, this our 18th prototype, and we continue to make advances week after week,” says the company’s Kickstarter campaign.

“The magic behind the hoverboard lies in its four disc-shaped hover engines. These create a special magnetic field which literally pushes against itself, generating the lift which levitates our board off the ground.”

A video reportedly showing the device in action gives the impression that it’s rather hard to control: without wheels or friction it seems nearly impossible to point it in a specific direction. It is intended to be propelled with the push of a foot, like a skateboard, but its creators say that the technology used to make it levitate could be adapted to provide forward momentum.

Back to the Future: Scientists create a real hoverboard

Despite the obvious connection to the Back to the Future franchise featuring Michael J. Fox as Marty McFly, it seems that the company is making no direct connection: “Yep, there was a movie. However, our attorneys have told us not to go there.”

The company has also created a “whitebox” device which will float in the same way as the hoverboard, and be used to demonstrate the technology to engineers: “It is designed to be explored, taken apart, and analysed, encouraging you to dare to wonder.”

VIDEO:Back to the Future 


The startup hopes that it can licence the technology to be used in factories, warehouses and anywhere else that levitating heavy objects could prove useful. Telegraph.co.uk

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