Top 10 Artificial Technologies That Can Make Up Human Organs
1. Artificial body parts from Stem cells The British scientists discovered a way of growing heart valves from stem cells of a human being...
These organs are subjected to be more effective and less liable to replacement as compared to artificial organs. If it actually works, there can be operations which will involve the replacement or substitution of weaker heart with a better stronger heart. This research is still in nascent stages and the direct application on humans is still far away.
2. Artificial limbs
If salamanders or tadpoles can redevelop their limbs, why can’t human beings redevelop a lost limb too? Work started on this hypothesis and positive results were obtained which served as a spark of optimism for the disabled because they can expect full limb generation through this new study. The study is associated with redevelopment of an entire finger. If the results are positive, it could be a ground breaking innovation.
3. Artificial Retina
Scientists from US have developed an artificial eye that could bring back vision to the sightless. The researchers say that the latest mechanism dubbed Argus has also been given green sign by the American health department to experiment the product on at-least 50-75 patients.
4. Artificial Skin
In the year 1996, an artificial skin was produced at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and it was FDA endorsemed for use on patients with relentless burn injuries. The said technique is implemented with chemically bonded collagen obtained from mammal tendons with glycosaminoglycan molecules from animal cartilage to develop a model of the extracellular matrix.
This offers the basis for a new dermis. In the year 2001, a self-repairing plastic “skin” was developed and tested by US scientists. Very much like the real skin, it was able to bleed and heal itself, thereby a huge breakthrough in vital materials used in surgical implants.
5. Artificial bones
Scientists have recently discovered that citric acid, when combined with 1, 8-octanediol, the outcome is an elastic and sturdy yellow rubber that can be shaped into an extensive range of shapes and then used to substitute damaged body parts.The polymer when combined with hydroxyapatite powder mix gives out a very stiff material that can be utilized to refurbish wrecked bones. Hydroxyapatite powder is the very same material of which natural bones are made of.
6. Artificial blood vessels
As we discussed artificial blood, we need artificial arteries and veins to carry artificial blood.
Now this has just been made more promising by the researchers from Hokkaido University. They have produced artificial blood vessels by means of collagen obtained from the membrane of salmon.
7. Artificial blood
Although blood is not an organ but it is produced by an organ known as the bone marrow. The connotation of the term ‘artificial blood’ is a bit perplexing as organic blood executes many errands while the artificial blood is said to accomplish some of the objectives, not all of them in the human body.
The escalating demand for the blood all around the world for a variety of reasons accounts for an ever-growing demand for blood reserves. If this task is accomplished, it will be one of the leading advancements in the field of health discipline.
8. Artificial Heart
The history of artificial heart development dates back to the late 20th century when Dr. Paul Winchell first patented a synthetic heart. The Syncardia CardioWest’s impermanent ‘Total Artificial Heart’ (TAH) was the very first implantable artificial heart that received green signal from the U.S. Food and Drug Authority.
9. Artificial gut
10. Artificial Wombs
Scientists are trying hard to develop working artificial wombs in which embryos can be cultivated outside a woman’s body. Recent experiments have been successful in producing models formed of cells pulled out from women bodies. Dr. Hung-Ching Liu of Cornell University’s Centre for Reproductive Medicine and Infertility anticipates that they would be capable enough to build up an absolutely artificial womb in the very near future. These would be beneficial for couples who are having serious reproductive problems,and to those who have experienced many miscarriages due to problems with embryo implantation, women having hysterectomies due to uterine cancer, and the women who are not able to carry their own child. Every technology has its own pros and cons, the major issue of artificial wombs is that it correlates in some aspects to cloning.