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Earth’s Top 10 Most Mysterious Lost Worlds [VIDEO]



THE most beautiful places on Earth are often spoiled by hordes of tourists.

Yet the world still harbours hidden secrets.

Filmmaker Hybrid Librarian has created a video that takes viewers on an epic journey to the most inaccessible parts of the globe.

These are the most mysterious places on the planet.


MELVILLE RANGE, AUSTRALIA

Near and yet so far, Melville Range lies on a giant plateau in Queensland’s Cape York Peninsula, about 10 hours north of Cairns.

Biologists last year found that its hulking granite boulders concealed a rainforest only accessible by helicopter.

It is home to fascinating native creatures found nowhere else, including the leaf-tailed gecko.


SIMA HUMPBOLOT, VENEZUELA


Sarisarinama Tepui is a remote, 3500-metre mountain, its flat top punctured by two sinkholes, Sima Martel and Sima Humbolot.

The latter is so large it has its own ecosystem at the bottom, which introduced many new plants to science.

Discovered in 1961, the sinkhole is still considered a mystical and evil spot by locals.



EAST SCOTIA RIDGE, SOUTHERN OCEAN

Deep beneath the surface of the Southern Ocean, between Antarctica and the tip of South America, lies an aquatic “biotope” first explored by a robot in 2010.

This hot, dark habitat 2400m down is warmed by hydrothermal vents, where temperatures can reach an incredible 382C.

It contains huge colonies of previously unknown species, including the albino octopus, seven-pronged starfish and yeti lobster.



PALAWAN HIGHLANDS, PHILIPPINES

In 2007, a team of botanists journeyed to an isolated corner of the Palwan Island.

They discovered exotic flora clustered atop Mount Victoria and Mount Sagpaw.

These included pink ferns, blue mushrooms and a carnivorous pitcher plant so big it feeds on rodents and small monkeys.



BOSAVI CRATER, PAPUA NEW GUINEA

The cone of this volcano collapsed around 200,000 years ago, creating a kilometre-deep crater.

In 2009, a team of scientists filmed for BBC documentary Lost Land of the Volcanofound it harboured a diverse ecosystem.

They discovered more than 40 unique species, including a giant rat that was 82cm long.



MOVILE CAVE, ROMANIA

This cave near Mangala was found in 1986, when workers building a geothermal power station dug down to 30m.

It had been completely sealed off for 5.5 million years.

Despite the lack of light or oxygen, a groundwater ecosystem had adapted to the toxic conditions, spawning translucent mutant insects.


 
MOUNT RORAIMA, VENEZUELA-BRAZIL-GUYANA


The 2800m mountain formation that marks the border between these three countries is two billion years old.

On top lies a plateau in the clouds, accessible only by sheer rock face, where it rains almost every day of the year.

It is said to be a strange country of unearthly landscapes and unique beasts, inspiring Arthur Conan-Doyle’s novel The Lost World


CHALLENGER DEEP, WESTERN PACIFIC

At 2550km long and 69km wide, Challenger Deep is home to the deepest locations known to humankind.

The extreme environment features unusual vents expelling liquid carbon dioxide and giant amoebas adapted to high pressure.

It has only been visited on four brief occasions in history, including once by director James Cameron.



SON DOONG CAVE, VIETNAM

The biggest cave in the known world lies deep in the vast, dense jungle of the Phong Nha-Ke Bang national park.

It was only explored in 2009, having been avoided for centuries because of loud sounds and roars emitting from its murky crevices.

At 200m wide and 150m tall, Hang Son Doong has its own weather system, forest and river.



LAKE VOSTOK, ANTARCTICA

One of the largest caves in the world, Lake Vostok is as big a Lake Ontario but twice as deep.

It has been sealed off under 4km of ice for 15 million years.

Samples brought to the surface have revealed a rich variety of life with unknown DNAs below.

WATCH THE VIDEO: 


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